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Association of infant feeding patterns with taste preferences in European children and adolescents: A retrospective latent profile analysis
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology—BIPS, Bremen, Germany.
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology—BIPS, Bremen, Germany.
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology—BIPS, Bremen, Germany / Institute for Public Health and Nursing Research—IPP, University of Bremen, Germany.
Research and Education Institute of Child Health, Lefcosia, Cyprus.
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2019 (English)In: Nutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, E-ISSN 2072-6643, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 1-16, article id 1040Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim was to investigate associations between the duration of infant feeding practices (FP) and taste preferences (TP) in European children and adolescents. A total of 5526 children (6-16 years old) of the I.Family study completed a Food and Beverage Preference Questionnaire to measure their preferences for sweet, fatty and bitter tastes. Mothers retrospectively reported the FPs duration in months: exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), exclusive formula milk feeding (EFMF), combined breastfeeding (BF&FMF) and the age at the introduction of complementary foods (CF). Using logistic regression analyses and latent class analysis (latent profiles of FP and CF were identified), we explored associations between profiles and TP, adjusting for various covariates, including the Healthy Diet Adherence Score (HDAS). A total of 48% of children had short durations of EBF (≤4 months) and BF&FMF (≤6 months) and were introduced to CF early (<6 months). No significant relationship was observed between the single FPs and TP, even when considering common profiles of FP. HDAS was inversely associated with sweet and fatty TP, but positively with bitter TP. Contrary to our hypotheses, we did not observe associations between FP and children’s TP later in life. Further studies with higher FP variation and longitudinal design are needed to investigate the causal associations between infant FP and taste preferences later in life. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 11, no 5, p. 1-16, article id 1040
Keywords [en]
Breastfeeding, Children, Formula milk, Healthy diet adherence, I.Family, IDEFICS study, Taste preference, adolescent, article, artificial milk, bitter taste, breast feeding, child, European, feeding behavior, female, healthy diet, human, human experiment, latent class analysis, major clinical study, mother, questionnaire, retrospective study
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Pediatrics Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17232DOI: 10.3390/nu11051040ISI: 000471021600100PubMedID: 31075915Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85065951480OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-17232DiVA, id: diva2:1328074
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-08-06Bibliographically approved

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