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A comparative study of the environmental impact from transportation of prefabricated building elements using wood or concrete
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering. (Industriell ekonomi, Industrial Engineering)
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Engineering and Technology, ISSN 1793-8236, E-ISSN 1793-8244, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 154-161Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As many as 240 of Sweden's 290 municipalities estimated that there existed a housing shortage within their region. Therefore, many homes are required to be built in a relatively short period to fulfil the demand.  Production is required to take into consideration sustainable building solutions to reduce climate impact. Hence, logistics must become more efficient to contribute to an environmental solution, and the use of transports should be examined reducing the effect of heavy vehicles to meet the climate objectives.

The focus of this study is to identify differences between the transportation of materials for building projects based on wood or concrete. Different key performance indicators were derived from the collected data and presented in this study, which resulted in two formulas focusing on transport- and environmental impact. 

The KPI’s indicates that the weight of the load does not have an important impact on the amount of emitted CO2, but it is the number of transports associated with the projects that are the main problem regarding emissions and environmental impact. Hence, the number of transports and the amount of CO2 emissions can be calculated by the support of the formulas derived from this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Eskişehir: Anadolu University , 2019. Vol. 11, no 3, p. 154-161
Keywords [en]
Multi-family houses, prefabrication, environmental impact, transportation, wood, concrete, transport utilisation.
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Industrial economy; Economy, Logistics; Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-85662DOI: 10.7763/IJET.2019.V11.1139OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-85662DiVA, id: diva2:1327760
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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