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Fysisk aktivitet och symtomen ouppmärksamhet och hyperaktivitet hos vuxna individer med ADHD.: En tvärsnittsstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Physical activity and symtoms of inattention and hyperactivity in adult individuals with ADHD : A cross-sectional study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Orsaken bakom ADHD är okänd. Forskning indikerar på att det är en obalans i det dopaminerga systemet i hjärnan som leder till ouppmärksamhet, hyperaktivitet och impulsivitet. Idag är behandlingsmetoderna för vuxna outvecklade. Studier på barn med ADHD tyder på att fysisk aktivitet kan förbättra ADHD symtom. Syftet med studien var att undersöka associationen mellan nivån av fysisk aktivitet och graden av ouppmärksamhet och hyperaktivitet hos vuxna individer med ADHD. En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie med enkäter genomfördes på en allmänpsykiatrisk mottagning i Malmö. Ett bekvämlighetsurval valdes, sammanlagt deltog 37 stycken individer. Analys skedde i SPSS statistics 24 med Spearmans rangkorrelation och för statistisk signifikans valdes konfidensintervall 95 % och p-värde 0.05. Resultatet indikerar på att det fanns en association mellan nivå av måttlig fysisk aktivitet och lägre grad av ouppmärksamhet hos det totala urvalet, detta var inte signifikant för kvinnor och män. Vidare fanns det en association mellan nivå av låg fysisk aktivitet och högre grad av ouppmärksamhet hos kvinnor, detta var inte signifikant för män och totala urvalet. Det fanns inte någon association mellan fysisk aktivitet och hyperaktivitet. Det är av betydelse att forskning med andra studiedesigner studerar hypotesen vidare för att resultatet eventuellt skall kunna implementeras som en potentiell behandling

Abstract [en]

The cause of ADHD is unknown. Research indicates that there is an imbalance in the dopaminergic system in the brain that leads to inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Today, the treatment methods for adults are undeveloped. Studies in children with ADHD indicate that physical activity may improve ADHD symptoms. The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between the level of physical activity and the degree of inattention and hyperactivity in adult individuals with ADHD. A quantitative cross-sectional study with questionnaires was conducted at a general psychiatric reception in Malmö. A comfort selection was chosen, a total of 37 individuals participated. Analysis took place in SPSS statistics 24 with Spearman's rank correlation and for statistical significance the confidence interval was chosen 95% and p-value 0.05. The result indicates that there was an association between the level of moderate physical activity and lower degree of inattention in the overall sample, this was not significant for women and men. Furthermore, there was an association between the level of low physical activity and higher degree of inattention in women, this was not significant for men and overall selection. There was no association between physical activity and hyperactivity. It is important that research with other study designs further studies the hypothesis in order that the result may be implemented as a potential treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 40
Keywords [en]
ADHD, inattention, hyperactivity, physical activity
Keywords [sv]
ADHD, ouppmärksamhet, hyperaktivitet, fysisk aktivitet
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39473OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-39473DiVA, id: diva2:1327655
Subject / course
Health and lifestyle
Educational program
Master's Programme in Health and Lifestyle, 120 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-28 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved

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