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Polisens arbetssituation: Upplever poliser stress?
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Poliser arbetar under tuffa arbetsförhållanden som utgör hög arbetsbelastning och höga krav, dessa kan resultera i diverse stressförhållanden. Syftet med denna uppsats var att ta reda på polisers upplevelse av stressrelaterade faktorer som är kopplade till kraven i arbetet, samt hur de hanterar dessa. För att få en mer djupgående inblick i polisers arbetssituation användes kvalitativ ansats där nio poliser intervjuades, från två olika kommuner i Sverige.

Resultatet visade att polisernas upplevelse av stress är kopplade till de krav de har i arbetet, hög arbetsbelastning som tillkommer utav personalbrist, treskiftsarbete, långa uttryckningsvägar och vetskapen om att de kan tvingas använda vapen. Treskift visar ha en inverkan på individernas hälsa genom de oregelbundna tider de ställs inför. Det ställs höga krav från chefer på att utföra alla de arbetsuppgifter de blir tilldelade, vilket försvåras genom bristen på personal. Samtliga innehar kontrollmöjligheter genom att kunna fatta beslut, medan arbetsuppgifterna inte går att påverka. Långa uttryckningsvägar utgör en stress där avståndet till förstärkning är långt bort. Hur samtliga informanter hanterar dessa faktorer är i första hand med hjälp av stöd av kollegor. Kamratstödet är något alla betonar av stor vikt samtidigt som de många gånger önskat ett större stöd av chefer vid jobbiga händelser. En slutsats som kan dras är att Polismyndigheten uppvisat brister i att förebygga dessa orsaksfaktorer som informanterna lyft upp.

Abstract [en]

Polices working in tough working conditions with high workload and high demands, that can result in various stressconditions. The purpose of this essay were to investtigate polices experiences of stress related factors wich is connected to the demands in work and how this is handled. To get a more deep insight in polices working situation, used a qualitative approach were nine polices was interviewed, from two different municipalities in Sweden. The questions of the essay were how the police’s demands, control and support is. The other was how the demands and stress are handled. The result showed that the polices feel a stress in their work due to the high demands and the shortfall of polices, high workload and the knowledge of maybe need to use weapon. Three-shift shows have an impact on the health at the individuals, because of the irregular times they have during the work. The leaderships have high demands that all the tasks are completed, wich is difficult because of the shortfall of police’s. All have control opportunities by being able to make decisions, while the tasks in work cannot be controlled. Long emergency routes made a stress, were the distance to strengthening is far away. How all handle this factors is firstly with help of colleagues. The peer support is something everyone emphasizes like a big importance, at the same time they wished a bigger support from the leadership in more difficult events. One conclusion of this is that the police authority has shown deficiencies in preventing these cause factors wich the informants highlighted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
Polices, stress, demands, control, support, workload
Keywords [sv]
Poliser, stress, krav, kontroll, stöd, arbetsbelastning
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74750OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-74750DiVA, id: diva2:1327420
Educational program
Psychology, bachelor's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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