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Skolsköterskans upplevelser av psykisk ohälsa hos pojkar i tonåren.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
School nurse´s experiences of mental illness among boys in adolescence (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Mellan åren 2010 till 2013 tog i genomsnitt tjugoåtta ungdomar varje år sitt liv i Sverige, två tredjedelar av dessa var pojkar. I Sverige är psykisk ohälsa ett av de största folkhälsoproblemen bland barn och ungdomar.  Skolsköterskan är en viktig person för eleverna i deras skolmiljö och kan upptäcka barn och ungdomar med psykisk ohälsa.

Syfte: Att beskriva hur skolsköterskan upptäcker och arbetar med psykisk ohälsa hos pojkar på gymnasiet.

Metod: Studien genomfördes med semi-strukturerade intervjuer och den insamlade datan analyserades enligt innebördsanalys.

Resultat: Fyra innebördsteman framträdde: Att arbeta förebyggande och hälsofrämjande på flera olika sätt, Att skapa en förtroendefull relation till eleven underlättar samverkansarbetet, Att uppmärksamma det sammanhang som eleven befinner sig i och Att ha kunskap om skillnader mellan pojkar och flickors sätt att uttrycka psykisk ohälsa.

Slutsats: Skolsköterskorna upplever att de främst upptäcker pojkar som lider av psykisk ohälsa vid det planerade hälsosamtalet. Att det är viktigt att se pojken och ge samtalet tid.  Skolsköterskorna upplever också att det finns skillnader i hur pojkar och flickor uttrycker sin oro, ångest och psykiska ohälsa.

Abstract [en]

Background: Between 2010 and 2013, on average, twenty-eight young people a year committed suicide in Sweden, two -thirds of whom were boys. In Sweden, mental illness is one of the biggest public health problems among adolescents. The school nurse is an important person who can identify adolescents with mental illness.

Aim: To describe how the school nurse discovers and works with mental illness among boys in high school.

Method: The study was conducted with semi-structured interviews and the collected data was analyzed according to meaning analysis.

Result: Four key themes emerged: Working preventive and health promotion in several different ways, Creating a trusting relationship with the pupil facilitates the collaboration work, To pay attention to the context in which the student is and to have knowledge about differences between boys and girls' way of expressing mental illness.

Conclusion: School nurses find that they usually discover the boys who suffer from mental illness at the planned health conversation. That it is important to see the boy and give them time. The school nurses also find that there are differences in how boys and girls express their concerns, anxiety and mental illness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
Boys, Mental health, Scool nurse, Students
Keywords [sv]
Elever, Pojkar, Psykisk hälsa, Skolsköterska, Ungdomar
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17199OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-17199DiVA, id: diva2:1327287
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
School Nurse - Specialist Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-24 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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