Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Maternity Hospital Accessibility in parts of Northern Sweden: Analyzing accessibility change from 2013 to 2019 using GIS Network Analysis
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Since the Swedish health care system is mostly organized at a regional level and the population density across the Swedish regions are variating, the supply of health care differs among the regions. Population density and the centralization of care is also affecting the distribution of health care facilities since most opportunities for care will be found where population density is high, such as larger cities. In northern Sweden where the larger parts of the area are sparsely populated and the main cities are mostly located along the coast, accessibility to health care for the rural population and their urban counterparts are therefore very different. The level of accessibility to health care can be more crucial in some situations than in other, one of these is childbirth. Since the labour process can develop quickly, the need to get the right care at the right time can be vital for both mother and child.  In the past years there have been changes to the maternity hospital distribution in northern Sweden. This is due to the closure of Sollefteå maternity hospital and the temporal closing of Lycksele maternity hospital. The aim of this thesis is to analyse the change in accessibility between 2013 and 2019 as a result of these shutdowns. This is done using service area analysis through the ArcGIS network analyst extension. The result show that the closures have had large impact on the spatial accessibility, increasing travel times to maternity hospitals for the inland population. Those who are mostly affected are people who already had poor accessibility, these are also places who have a small population. The result also shows that around 90 % of the women could reach their closest maternity hospital within one hour in 2013 compared to around 80 % in 2019. Around 40 % of the women are at higher risk of childbirth complications since they exceed 20 minutes travel time, this was the same value in 2013 as for 2019. As conclusion, closures have decreased accessibility for women in the inland of northern Sweden but the largest part of the population remain having good accessibility to their closest maternity hospital. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
Accessibility, Maternity Hospital, northern Sweden, travel time
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-160487OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-160487DiVA, id: diva2:1327251
Subject / course
Examensarbete i Geografi, för magisterexamen
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-24 Created: 2019-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(776 kB)18 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 776 kBChecksum SHA-512
098699918801b5465d7b4f215f36c0c3c90c7b74a35f8c33f3bb5c2c84553d37c13b7a8312887a0e29d78bfa6db41d40cc87eddf5771defe03c91b9d354f2d91
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Geography
Human Geography

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 18 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 110 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf