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Exposure to the antidepressant fluoxetine reduces mating behaviour in the freshwater isopod Asellus aquaticus
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Worldwide, pharmaceutical compounds continue to increase in our aquatic environment. The predominant route into nature is through wastewater treatment plants since the elimination of residual pharmaceuticals is still not mainstream in WWTPs. Fluoxetine is an antidepressant which is commonly prescribed to treat human depression. Wastewater residual fluoxetine is typically found in waters around the world, and can thus affect exposed organisms, such as fish and invertebrates. However, how fluoxetine may affect mating behaviour in exposed organisms remains poorly understood, and particularly so in invertebrates. This is hampering our understanding of the consequences of our medicine leaking into nature because mating behaviour often affects fitness, and invertebrates are key organisms in food chains. Therefore, I here experimentally investigated long-term effects of environmental relevant concentration of fluoxetine (20 ng L-1) on mating behaviours of male and female freshwater isopod Asellus aquaticus. I demonstrate that fluoxetine reduced male mating attempts with receptive females. Further, there was a tendency for fluoxetine exposure to increase latency to form pre-copula. There was no effect of fluoxetine exposure on male latency to encounter females or female responses toward males. These results indicate that fluoxetine also can affect isopods by reducing mating behaviour. In the long-term, if reproduction is delayed or reduced, it may cause a reduction in populations and thus, alter the whole ecosystem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 16
Keywords [en]
Fluoxetine, SSRI, long-term exposure, Asellus aquaticus, mating behaviour, wastewater
National Category
Natural Sciences Ecology Behavioral Sciences Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157665ISRN: LITH-IFM-G-EX--19/3703--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-157665DiVA, id: diva2:1327007
Subject / course
Biology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved

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Exposure to the antidepressant fluoxetine reduces mating behaviour in the freshwater isopod Asellus aquaticus(357 kB)37 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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