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Verifiering av P-LDL-kolesterol på Beckman Coulter AU680
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Verification of P-LDL-cholesterol on Beckman Coulter AU680 (English)
Abstract [sv]

Kolesterol transporteras i blodet med hjälp av lipoproteinpartiklar. Höga nivåer av low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-kolesterol i blodet är en riskfaktor för kardiovaskulär sjukdom. Koncentrationen av LDL-kolesterol kan beräknas med hjälp av Friedewalds formel men det finns även metoder där LDL-kolesterol kan analyseras direkt. Syftet med arbetet var att verifiera metoden direkt LDL-kolesterol på analysinstrumentet Beckman Coulter AU680. Metodens inomserie- och totalimprecision analyserades. Två korrelationsstudier utfördes mellan direkt LDL-kolesterol och beräknat LDL-kolesterol, en med 43 patientprover med triglycerider < 4,5 mmol/L och en med 11 patientprover med triglycerider > 4,5 mmol/L. Friedewalds formel ska egentligen inte användas vid triglycerider > 4,5 mmol/L, men i detta fall användes formeln ändå för att utvärdera eventuella skillnader mellan metodernas resultat vid höga triglyceridkoncentrationer. Vid analys av metodens inomserieimprecision blev variationskoefficienten (CV) omkring 0,5 % vid analys av både den låga kontrollen (A1) och den höga kontrollen (A2). CV för totalimprecisionen blev 1,21 % vid analys av A1 och 1,11 % vid analys av A2. Korrelationsstudierna visade ett linjärt samband mellan metoderna men den direkta metoden gav något högre resultat vid lägre koncentrationer och något lägre resultat vid högre koncentrationer jämfört med beräknat LDL-kolesterol. Vid triglycerider > 4,5 mmol/L gav den direkta metoden betydligt högre resultat än beräknat LDL-kolesterol. Slutsatsen blev att metoden hade god precision. Överensstämmelsen mellan metodernas resultat var relativt bra för proverna med triglycerider < 4,5 mmol/L. Vid triglycerider > 4,5 mmol/L var differensen mellan metoderna stor, troligtvis på grund av falskt för låga resultat från beräknat LDL-kolesterol.

Abstract [en]

Cholesterol is transported in the blood by lipoproteins. High levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol in the blood is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The concentration of LDL-cholesterol can be calculated using the Friedewald formula but there are also methods that measure LDL-cholesterol directly. The aim of this study was to verify the method P-LDL-cholesterol on a Beckman Coulter AU680 analyzer. Within-run imprecision and total imprecision were analyzed. The correlation between direct LDL-cholesterol and calculated LDL-cholesterol was examined using 43 patient samples with triglyceride levels < 4,5 mmol/L and 11 patient samples with triglyceride levels > 4,5 mmol/L. The Friedewald formula is not supposed to be used on triglyceride levels > 4,5 mmol/L, but in this case the formula was used anyway to evaluate differences between the methods at high triglyceride concentrations. The coefficient of variation (CV) for the within-run imprecision was about 0,5 %, both for the low control (A1) and the high control (A2). Total imprecision had a CV of 1,21 % for A1 and 1,11 % for A2. There was a linear relationship between the methods, but the direct method gave slightly higher results at low concentrations and slightly lower results at high concentrations compared to calculated LDL-cholesterol. At triglyceride levels > 4,5 mmol/L the results from the direct method was considerably higher than calculated LDL-cholesterol. The conclusion is that the precision of the method was good. The correlation between the results from direct LDL-cholesterol and calculated LDL-cholesterol was relatively high for samples with triglyceride levels < 4,5 mmol/L. At triglyceride levels > 4,5 mmol/L there was a big difference between the methods, probably because of falsely low results from calculated LDL-cholesterol.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 16
Keywords [en]
LDL-Cholesterol, method verification, Beckman Coulter AU680
Keywords [sv]
LDL-kolesterol, metodverifiering, Beckman Coulter AU680
National Category
Clinical Laboratory Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-85556OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-85556DiVA, id: diva2:1326845
External cooperation
Klinisk kemi och transfusionsmedicin, Region Kalmar län
Educational program
Biomedical Laboratory Science Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved

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