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Killars och tjejers intressen inom naturvetenskap: Skillnader och bakomliggande orsaker
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Boys’ and girls’ interests in science : Differences and underlying reasons (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien är undersöka huruvida killar och tjejers intressen skiljer sig åt inom de naturvetenskapliga ämnena och om dessa elever är intresserade av vidare naturvetenskapliga studier efter avslutad gymnasial utbildning. Studien syftar även till att undersöka elevers kunskaper kring vilka yrken som räknas till naturvetenskapsområdet. Data från 110 elever (53 tjejer, 56 killar och en ospecificerad) från två gymnasieskolor i Östergötland har samlats in via en digital enkät med flervalsfrågor. Resultaten visar att tjejer har ett större intresse för de biologiska ämnesområdena genetik, evolution, miljövård och biomedicin jämfört med killar, samt att killarna har ett större intresse än tjejerna för kvantmekanik, elektromagnetism samt vågor och optik, som alla ligger inom fysikområdet. Det var 56 % av eleverna (28 tjejer och 33 killar) som var intresserade av en fortsatt utbildning inom naturvetenskap och det fanns ingen signifikant skillnad mellan könen (p=0,69>0,05). Gällande de yrkestitlar som räknas till naturvetenskapsområdet är det de yrken vars namn påminner om biologi, kemi eller fysik som blivit igenkända av flest elever, samtidigt som yrken med mer komplicerade yrkestitlar inte har blivit lika igenkända.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the study is to investigate whether the interests of boys and girls differ in the natural sciences and if these students are interested in further scientific studies after completing upper secondary education. This study also aims to investigate students’ knowledge of which professions are included in the field of science. Data from 110 pupils (53 girls, 56 boys and one unspecified) from two upper secondary schools in Ostergotland have been collected via a digital questionnaire with multiple choice questions. The results show that girls have a greater interest in the field of biology, such as genetics, evolution, environmental protection and biomedicine compared to boys, and that the boys are more interested than girls in quantum mechanics, electromagnetism, waves and optics, which all lie within the field of physics. There were 56 % of the students (28 girls and 33 boys) who were interested in continuing education in the natural sciences after their upper secondary education and there was no significant difference between the sexes (p=0,69>0.05). Regarding the professions that are included in the field of science there were those with names that reminiscent of biology, chemistry or physics that were recognized the most by the students, while the professions of more complex titles did not get recognized as easily.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
STEM, high school, secondary education, gender differences, interests
Keywords [sv]
STEM, gymnasieelever, könsskillnader, intressen
National Category
Natural Sciences Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157664ISRN: LIU-GY-L-A—19/164—SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-157664DiVA, id: diva2:1326839
Subject / course
Biology, Teacher Education
Educational program
Teacher Education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved

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Ida Ibrahimovic och Stina Vainios produktionsuppsats(1056 kB)14 downloads
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