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Incitamentssystem, vägen att gå för nå motiverade medarbetare?: En flerfallsstudie om hur incitamentssystem som styrmedel upplevs av medarbetare med avseende på motivation
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Incentive systems, the way to go to reach motivated employees? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Förmågan att motivera medarbetare har alltid varit en viktig fråga i alla olika typer av företag. Ett verktyg som kan användas för att skapa motivation bland de anställda är incitamentssystem, både monetära samt icke-monetära. Det finns inget tydligt svar i tidigare forskning kring vad för typ av incitamentssystem som uppfattas som mest effektiva när det kommer till att motivera anställda. Exempelvis har en del studier visat att monetära incitament så som bonus har en positiv effekt på motivationen på kort sikt. Samtidigt visar andra studier att monetära incitament inte alls fungerar. Således är syftet med denna studie att beskriva och analysera hur medarbetare upplever incitamentssystem med avseende på motivation. För att uppnå detta syfte har vi genomfört en kvalitativ flerfallstudie i två olika företag där det empiriska materialet har samlats in genom intervjuer.

Studiens frågeställning:

  • Hur upplevs incitamentssystem hos medarbetare inom olika branscher med avseende på motivation?

Studien har visat att icke-monetära incitament har en betydande effekt på medarbetarnas motivation i båda fallföretagen. Vidare visar resultatet att de monetära incitamenten också upplevdes som viktiga, men det empiriska materialet gällande de monetära incitamenten följde inte samma röda tråd som de icke-monetära: ett av företagen upplevde de monetära incitamenten mer viktiga med avseende på motivation än det andra företaget.

Abstract [en]

The ability to motivate employees has always been an important question in all kind of companies. One way the create motivation among the employees is to use incentive systems, both monetary and non-monetary. There are no clear answers in previous theories what kind of incentive system that perceives as the most effective in terms of motivated employees. For example, some research has shown that monetary incentives such as bonus is an effective way to motivate employees in the short term, while others disagree. Accordingly, the purpose of the study is to describe and analyze how employees perceive current incentive systems in terms of motivation. To fulfill this purpose, we have done a qualitative multiple case study in two specific companies. The empirical material has been collected by interviews. The research question in the thesis is as follows:

  • How are incentive systems perceived by employees in different line of businesses in terms of motivation?

The empirical results show that non-monetary incentives have a significant impact on employees' motivation in both case studies. Furthermore, the monetary incentives perceived important as well in both case studies, but the empirical result indicated that monetary incentives didn’t follow the same consistent thread as it did in the non-monetary incentives: one of the case study perceived the monetary incentives as more important in terms of motivation than the other. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 64
Keywords [en]
Incentive systems, monetary incentives, non-monetary incentives, motivation, employees
Keywords [sv]
Incitamentssystem, monetära incitament, icke-monetära incitament, motivation, medarbetare
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157649ISRN: LIU-IEI-FIL-G--19/02054--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-157649DiVA, id: diva2:1326571
Subject / course
Bachelor Thesis in Business Administration (Kandidatuppsats i Företagsekonomi)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-20 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-08-20Bibliographically approved

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