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Neural Effects of Mindfulness Meditation on Emotion Regulation: Differences Between Adolescents and Adults
University of Skövde, School of Bioscience.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The time of adolescence is marked by enhanced emotional experiences and difficulties with regulating one’s emotions. One way to improve the adolescent’s ability to regulate their emotions is to let them practice mindfulness meditation. The motivational drive behind this thesis is the question of what forms of mindfulness meditation are needed to give the highest increase in their emotion regulation-abilities. One problem is that while there exist neural studies on mindfulness meditation for adults, the research field of adolescent meditation lacks them. Because neural studies are needed to adequately answer this question, and the lack of brain imaging tools for this thesis, the focus here was to conduct some groundwork for this discussion. The first aim was to investigate the neural effects of mindfulness meditation on emotion regulation in adults and the second aim was to investigate to what extent we can generalize these neural effects to adolescents. To be able to theoretical discuss the second aim, neural and psychological studies on mindfulness meditation and emotion regulation were used as a base. The studies were grouped into five sub-categories based on age group and research field and then discussed with the help of developmental studies. Adult meditators had stronger functionality in regulatory brain regions than non-meditators during meditation and during the perception of negative stimuli. The discussion about the generalization of the adult neural patterns to adolescents showed that the findings were too diverse to come to any useful conclusions. Empirical and conceptual improvements, along with neural meditation studies on adolescents, are needed to improve the research field in both age groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 52
Keywords [en]
Mindfulness meditation, emotion regulation, developmental differences
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17165OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-17165DiVA, id: diva2:1326546
Subject / course
Cognitive Neuroscience
Educational program
Consciousness Studies - Philosophy and Neuropsychology
Presentation
2019-05-21, Högskolan i Skövde, 10:07 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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