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Förändringar i aktivitetsmönster och välbefinnande hos äldre efter flytt till särskilt boende: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om äldres självupplevda förändring
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Changes to Occupational Patterns and Wellbeing among older adults who moved to a special care facility : A Qualitative interview study concerning older adults self-perceived changes (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Arbetets syfte var att beskriva äldres, 65 år +, självupplevda förändringar i aktivitetsmönster och välbefinnande efter flytt till ett särskilt boende. Metod: En kvalitativ intervju med semistrukturerade frågor och skattning med VAS-skala, genomfördes på tio äldre personer som flyttat in på särskilt boende. Urvalet var ett bekvämlighetsurval kompletterat med ett sekundärt avsiktligt urval. Urvalet genomfördes på två särskilda boenden, ett i en större stad och ett i en mindre. En kvalitativ dataanalys genomfördes för att analysera intervjusvaren. Resultat: Resultatet visade att informanterna upplevde förändringar i både aktivitetsmönster och välbefinnande efter flytt till ett särskilt boende. Informanterna upplevde att de hade fler fritidsaktiviteter, eller rekreativa aktiviteter och färre måste-aktiviteter som städ eller tvätt. Många meningsfulla fysiska aktiviteter hade blivit svåra att utföra och ersatts med mindre krävande aktiviteter. Deras välbefinnande hade förbättrats på grund av ökad social kontakt och trygghet. Slutsats: Aktivitetsmönster och upplevt välbefinnande påverkades av flytt till särskilt boende. Även åldrandets aspekter upplevs ha varit en bidragande faktor till förändring.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The purpose of the thesis was to describe older adults (65 and older) perceptions about changes to their occupational patterns and wellbeing after a move to a special care facility. Method: A qualitative interview with semi-structured questions and estimated wellbeing on a VAS-scale was performed on ten older adults living in special care facilities. The sampling was a convenient sampling with a secondary purposive sampling. The sampling of participants was made from two separate special care facilities, one in a city and one in a town. A qualitative data analysis was performed to analyses the collected data.  Results: The result showed that the participants perceived changes to both occupational patterns and wellbeing after a move to a special care facility. The participants perceived that they had more recreational activities or leisure activities and less household chores or mustdo-activities after moving to a special care facility. Many meaningful physical activities had become hard to perform and had been replaced with less demanding activities.  Conclusion: Occupational patterns and estimated wellbeing was affected by the move to a special care facility. The aspects of aging were perceived to affect the change as well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 24
Keywords [en]
Activity, Aeging, Occupational Therapy, 65 years and older
Keywords [sv]
Aktivitet, Arbetsterapi, Åldrande, 65 år+
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44608ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20190138OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-44608DiVA, id: diva2:1326257
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-17 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved

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