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”Man får gärna ha synpunkter och tycka saker, men vi måste få göra det på vårt sätt”: En kvalitativ studie om hur enhetschefer inom äldreomsorgen upplever sin yrkesroll och sitt handlingsutrymme
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
“You are free to have your own opinion, but we must do it in our own way” : A qualitative study in how first-line managers in elderly care perceive their leadership role and managerial discretion (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to examine how first-line managers in municipal elderly care perceive their leadership role. This was put in relation to the level of discretion in work related tasks, employed by the first-line managers in order to increase knowledge about what requirements exist in leadership. The study used a qualitative method and in total, six interviews were conducted with first-line managers in municipal elderly care. We have used a hermeneutic approach and a qualitative thematic analysis. Theories applied are street-level bureaucracy and role theory. The results show that the first-line managers would have a more positive experience of their assignment if they are given clearer information about what their assignment means. Overall, the study shows that the first-line managers perceive their mission as positive and important, but that it includes many assignments, and high variance. The first-line managers in the study describe that they meet expectations, in their professional role from for example employees, management, political decisions and residents. The first-line managers have described that they have managerial discretion within their own branch, but one of the managers feel that she did not have enough managerial discretion. We believe that the margins of discretion do not have a negative impact on their ability to practice good leadership.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet  med  studien  var  att  undersöka  hur  enhetschefer  verksamma  inom  kommunal äldreomsorg uppleversin roll irelation till uppdragets innehåll samt att undersöka deras handlingsutrymme,  för  att  öka  kunskapen  om  vilka  förutsättningar  som  finns  i ledarskapet. I studien användes en kvalitativ metod och sammanlagt genomfördes sex intervjuer  med  yrkesverksamma  enhetschefer  inom  kommunal  äldreomsorg.  Vi  har använts oss av en hermeneutisk ansats och en kvalitativ tematisk analys. Teorier som applicerats är gräsrotsbyråkrati samt rollteori. Den tidigare forskning som använts till studien innefattar rollen som enhetschef,den offentlig organisationen, enhetschefens handlingsutrymme samt enhetschefens förutsättningar i arbetet. Studiens resultat visar att  enhetscheferna  skulle  ha  en  mer  positiv  upplevelse  av  sitt  uppdrag  om  de  gavs tydligare information kring vad deras uppdrag faktiskt innebär. Överlag visar studien att enhetscheferna upplever sitt uppdrag som positivt och viktigt, men att det innefattar många uppdrag och är omväxlande.Enhetscheferna i studien beskriver att de möter förväntningar  från  många  håll  i  sin  yrkesroll,  från  exempelvis  medarbetare,  ledning, politiska   beslut   och   vårdtagare.   Enhetscheferna   har   beskrivit   att   de   har   stort handlingsutrymme i sin egen verksamhet, men en av enhetscheferna upplever att hon inte hade tillräckligt mycket utrymme. Generellt sett anser vi att handlingsutrymmet inte har en negativ påverkan gällande deras möjligheter i ledarskapet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 53
Keywords [en]
Social work, first-line, elderly care, managerial discretion, leadership
Keywords [sv]
Socialt arbete, enhetschef, äldreomsorg, handlingutrymme, ledarskap
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39814OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-39814DiVA, id: diva2:1326215
Subject / course
Social Work
Educational program
Work and Welfare, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-17 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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