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Ferdinand... they should have called you Caliban: En intertextuell karaktärsanalys av huvudpersonerna i John Fowles roman The Collector och William Shakespeares pjäs The Tempest
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Ferdinand... they should have called you Caliban : An Intertextual Character Analysis of the Main Characters in John Fowles’s Novel The Collector and William Shakespeare’s Play The Tempest (English)
Abstract [en]

This essay analyses the two main characters in John Fowles’s novel The Collector and the three characters Miranda, Ferdinand and Caliban in William Shakespeare’s play The Tempest, as well as the intertextual connection between them. The essay is based off the idea of intertextuality, which refers to a connection between texts. To study this connection, a comparative method is used. The character analysis is grounded upon Shlomith Rimmon- Kenan’s model for characterization. The essay concludes that the main characteristics of the characters in The Tempest are mirrored in the corresponding characters in The Collector. Miranda is kindhearted, empathic, brave, naïve, romanticizing, innocent and superior. Ferdinand and Caliban are both present in Clegg’s character, in which the former side is naïve, romanticizing, civilized, in control of his sexual urge and honorable; while the latter side is inhuman, a villain, violent, uncivilized, not in control of his sexual urge, incapable of change and does not show any remorse. The comparison of the two works also sheds light on the slave-motif that is present in The Collector, both in the inner struggle between Clegg’s two alter egon, as well as in his relationship with Miranda.

Abstract [sv]

Denna uppsats analyserar de två huvudkaraktärerna i John Fowles roman The Collector och de tre karaktärerna Miranda, Ferdinand och Caliban i William Shakespeares pjäs The Tempest samt den intertextuella kopplingen dem emellan. Uppsatsen utgår från begreppet intertextualitet som indikerar ett samband mellan texter. För att undersöka detta samband används en komparativ metod. I botten för karaktärsanalysen ligger Shlomith Rimmon- Kenans modell för karakterisering. Uppsatsen visar att huvuddragen hos karaktärerna i The Tempest speglas i karaktärernas motparter i The Collector. Miranda är godhjärtad, empatisk, modig, naiv, romantiserande, oskuldsfull och överlägsen. Ferdinand och Caliban kommer båda till uttryck i Cleggs karaktär, där den förra sidan är naiv, romantiserande, civiliserad, i kontroll över sin sexuella drift och hederlig; medan den senare sidan är omänsklig, en skurk, våldsam, ociviliserad, inte kan kontrollera sin sexuella drift, oförmögen att förändras och inte visar någon ånger. Jämförelsen mellan verken bidrar även till att belysa det slavmotiv som förekommer i The Collector och tar uttryck dels i den inre kamp som pågår mellan Cleggs två alteregon samt i hans relation med Miranda.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
John Fowles, The Collector, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Intertextuality, Characterization
Keywords [sv]
John Fowles, The Collector, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Intertextualitet, Karakterisering
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-72619OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-72619DiVA, id: diva2:1326003
Subject / course
Comparative Literature
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-17 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved

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