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Diabetes mellitus typ 2: Det dagliga stödet till barn och ungdomar: En litteraturöversikt
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: År 2018 diagnostiserades 7630 barn och ungdomar med diabetes mellitus i Sverige. Diabetes mellitus typ 2 var tidigare en sällsynt diagnos hos barn och ungdomar men har ökat i takt med övervikt, fetma och fysisk inaktivitet. Barnkonventionen ger barn och ungdomar rättigheten att stödjas av familjen samt hälso- och sjukvården för att hantera sjukdomen på bästa sätt. Syfte: Var att belysa hur barn och ungdomar med diabetes mellitus typ 2 kan stödjas i sin sjukdom. Metod: Litteraturöversikt som genomfördes med systematisk sökning, granskning och analys av kvalitativa och kvantitativa artiklar. Sökningarna utfördes i databaserna Academic Search Elite, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO och Scopus. Litteraturöversikten bestod av nio vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Barn och ungdomar med diabetes mellitus typ 2 var i stort behov av ett fungerande nätverk. Positivt och uppmuntrande stöd var en hörnsten i självhantering av sjukdomen. Emotionellt och praktiskt stöd från familjen och vännerna hade stor betydelse för individens diabeteshantering. Även barnsjuksköterskan hade en viktig roll i att stödjande barnet eller ungdomen genom att informera, undervisa och skapa ett bra samarbete och en god relation runt individen. Slutsats: När barn och ungdomar med diabetes mellitus typ 2 fick stöd från omgivningen underlättades diabeteshanteringen.

Abstract [en]

Background: In 2018, 7630 children and adolescents with diabetes mellitus were diagnosed in Sweden. Type 2 diabetes mellitus was previously a rare diagnosis in children and adolescents but has increased in line with overweight, obesity and physical inactivity.  The Convention on the Rights of the Child gives children and adolescents the right to be supported by the family and the health and medical services to manage the disease in the best way. Purpose: Was to illustrate how children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus can be supported in their disease. Method: Conducted with systematic search, review and analysis of qualitative and quantitative articles. The searches were performed in five databases. The literature review consisted of nine scientific articles. Results: Children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus were in great need of a supporting network. Encouraging support was a cornerstone of self-management of the disease. Emotional and practical support from the family and friends was of great importance for the individual's diabetesmanagement. Even the pediatric nurse had an important role in supporting the child or adolescent by informing, teaching and creating a good relationship around the individual. Conclusion: When children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus received support from the environment, diabetes management was facilitated

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [sv]
Barn och ungdomar, diabetes mellitus typ 2, stöd
National Category
Nursing Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39799OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-39799DiVA, id: diva2:1325855
External cooperation
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Specialist Nursing - Pediatric Nursing, 60 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-17 Created: 2019-06-17 Last updated: 2019-06-17Bibliographically approved

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