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Barns delaktighet i organiserade fritidsaktiviteter stärker, utvecklar och skapar gemenskap: En kvalitativ studie.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Children’s participation in organized leisure activities strengthens, develops and creates community : A qualitative interview study. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund, psykiskt välbefinnande har sjunkit bland barn i Sverige och många barn uppfyller inte rekommendationen för fysisk aktivitet. Betydelsen av fritidsaktiviteter är relativt väl beforskat utifrån barns perspektiv, föräldrarnas syn är dock mindre undersökt. Syftet med studien var att beskriva föräldrars uppfattning om betydelsen av barns delaktighet i organiserade fritidsaktiviteter. Metoden som användes hade en kvalitativ design, med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Det användes ett avsiktligt urval, där 11 deltagare deltog. Vid bearbetningen av datamaterialet användes en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet gav en varierad uppfattning om betydelsen av delaktighet i fritidsaktiviteter för barnen. Det handlade om gemenskap, utvecklingen och lärdomar för barnen. Självförtroendet barnen fick under fritidsaktiviteterna, vikten av bekräftelse och det fysiska värdet hade också betydelse. Men även begränsningar som behövs framkom. Slutsats, variationen men även likheterna i resultatet har gett en fördjupad bild inom ämnet. Den gemensamma beskrivningen för de flesta var att fritidsaktiviteten gav glädje, utveckling, välbefinnande och ett sammanhang. Förhoppningen är att studien ska leda till en större utsträckning av användningen av fritidsaktiviteter som ett hälsofrämjande redskap för arbetsterapeuter.

Abstract [en]

Background, mental health has declined among children in Sweden and many of them does not meet the recommendation for physical activity. The importance of leisure activities is relatively well researched from the perspective of children, however, the parent’s view is less studied. The purpose of the study was to describe parent’s perception of the importance of children’s participation in organized leisure activities. The method used was quantitative design with semi structured interviews. Purposive sampling was used, where 11 participants participated. The material was processed using qualitative content analysis. The result gave a varied perception of the importance of participation in leisure activities for children. It was about the importance of community, development and lessons from the leisure activities. The self-confidence children received during leisure activities, the importance of confirmation and the physical value also had significance. The need of limitations also emerged. Conclusion, the variation but also the similarities in the result have given an in-depth picture of the subject. The common description was that the leisure activity provided joy, development, well-being and a context. The hope is that the study will lead to a greater extent of the use of leisure activities as a health-promoting tool for occupational therapists.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Balance, Context, Encouragement, Occupational therapy, Parents
Keywords [sv]
Arbetsterapi, Balans, Föräldrar, Sammanhang, Uppmuntran
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44551ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20190133OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-44551DiVA, id: diva2:1325539
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-16 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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