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Skärvstenshögen i tid och rum: En landskapsanalys av Upplands skärvstenshögars geografiska och kronologiska placeringsmönster.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The Fire-cracked stone heap in time and space : A landscape analysis of the Uppland county’s geographical and chronological placement patterns (English)
Abstract [en]

Heaps of fire-cracked stone is an archaeological site category frequently found in Sweden. The heaps were constructed by piling a massive amount of deposited fire-cracked stones and occasionally they contain artefacts, for example, grindstones, ceramics or bones from both humans and animals. The heaps are sometimes also constructed with complex inner stone patterns in forms of e.g. circles and spirals. The heaps have been found all over Sweden, but the largest concentration is associated with the county of Uppland, north of Stockholm in eastern Sweden. In general, the structures have been linked chronologically to the Bronze Age (1800 B.C.–500 B.C.), although the heaps might be one of the least understood features of Scandinavian prehistory, as a result of their complex and varying content and spatial location. The remains are thoroughly debated, and the interpretation of them varies, ranging from graves to household indications, from sacral to profane, from piles of waste to markers of claimed land. The interpretations of the fire cracked stone heaps have mainly been made by comparing the contents of the heaps with finds from the surrounding archaeological landscape.

                 In this study, the heaps will be analysed by using a landscape perspective by which they will be examined in relation to dynamic high-resolution shoreline reconstructions, vegetation and local topography. By examining the heaps by applying a high-resolution landscape model, suggests that their placement patterns are strongly connected to past shorelines. The analysis has in turn resulted in a non-prejudicial dating method for the heaps. The shoreline model was in the next step tested by a comparison to 118 published 14C-dates associated with fire-cracked stone heaps by using Kernel Density Estimations (KDE). The main result of the study is that the high-resolution shoreline model, in combination with KDE, provides an effective dating method for heaps of fire-cracked stone, which in the extension suggests an alternative motive for the construction of the heaps.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 59
Keywords [en]
Fire cracked stone heaps; Shoreline dating; KDE-plot; KDE-model; Sweden; Late Neolithic; Bronze Age
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-385712OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-385712DiVA, id: diva2:1325505
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Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-16 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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Skärvstenshögen i tid och rum(3907 kB)67 downloads
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Citation style
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