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Ögonsjuksköterskans uppfattning av faktorer som påverkar diabetespatienters följsamhet till ögonbottenfotografering.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The ophthalmic nurse’s perception of factors influencing diabetic patients´ compliance to fundus photography. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Diabetesretinopati är den vanligaste ögonsjukdomen hos personer med diabetes och är en ledande orsak till synnedsättning och blindhet världen över. Patienter som har diabetesretinopati kan vara symptomfria och patienten märker inte att han/hon är drabbad. Det är därför viktigt att patienter som har diabetes screenas regelbundet för att synhotande diabetesretinopati ska upptäckas i ett tidigt stadium så att rätt behandling kan sättas in för att undvika synnedsättning.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa ögonsjuksköterskans uppfattning av olika faktorer som påverkar diabetespatientens följsamhet till ögonbottenfotografering.

Metod: En kvalitativ metod med en fenomenografisk ansats användes i studien. Studien har genomförts genom åtta intervjuer med ögonsjuksköterskor på två olika ögonmottagningar i södra Sverige.

Resultat: Dataanalysen mynnade ut i fyra olika beskrivningskategorier: Patientens förståelse för sjukdomen, Patientens hälsa och syn, Ögonsjuksköterskans tid med patienten samt Generella hinder.

Slutsats: Under studien framkom flera olika faktorer som påverkade patienten att delta eller inte delta vid ögonbottenfotografering. Utifrån resultatet i denna studie drog vi slutsatsen att en ögonsjuksköterska framförallt behöver mer tid tillsammans med varje enskild patient för att kunna informera patienten om diabetes och diabetesretinopati samt motivera till deltagande vid regelbunden ögonbottenscreening.

Abstract [en]

Background: Diabetic retinopathy is the most common eye disease among people with diabetes and it is a leading cause for sight impairment and blindness all over the world. Patients with diabetic retinopathy can be asymptomatic and the patient can´t tell that he/she is affected. Because of this, it is important that patients with diabetes regularly are screened so that sight threatening retinopathy can be detected in an early state so the proper treatment can be inserted to prevent a sight impairment.

Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate the ophthalmic nurse’s perception of different factors influencing the diabetic patient´s compliance to fundus photography.

Method: A qualitative method with a phenomenographic onset has been used in the study. The study has been conducted through eight interviews with ophthalmic nurses working in two different eye clinics in the south of Sweden.

Results: The data analysis resulted in four different categories: The patient´s understanding of the disease, The patient´s health and vision, The ophthalmic nurse´s time with the patient and General obstacles.

Conclusion: During the study several different factors which influenced the patient to participate or not to participate in fundus photography were found. Based on the result of this study we concluded that an ophthalmic nurse especially needs more time with each patient to be able to inform the patient about diabetes and diabetic retinopathy and to motivate the patient to participate in regular diabetic retinopathy screening.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 26
Keywords [en]
Diabetes, diabetic retinopathy, fundus photography, ophthalmic nurse, phenomenography.
Keywords [sv]
Diabetes, diabetesretinopati, fenomenografi, ögonbottenfotografering, ögonsjuksköterska.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-85410OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-85410DiVA, id: diva2:1325343
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap med inr mot omvårdnad
Educational program
Specialist Nursing Programme in Eye Care, 60 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-19 Created: 2019-06-15 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved

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