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HANDLEDNING I UTBILDNINGSTERAPI: STUDENTERS EGNA BERÄTTELSER OM ATT HANDLEDAS UTIFRÅN DELIBERATE PRACTICE, FEEDBACK INFORMED TREATMENT OCH SELF-COMPASSION.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sjukskrivningstalen är höga bland terapeuter och handledning ses som ett viktigt stöd i både utbildning och yrkesutövning. Trots det så har få metoder fokuserat på terapeuters egna upplevelse av handledning. Några nya metoder med syfte att öka intrapersonell och psykologisk kapacitet hos terapeuter i arbete med klienter är Deliberate Practice (DP), Feedback Informed Treatment (FIT) och Self-compassion (SC). Under 2018 användes dessa metoder av två handledare som handledde sex studentterapeuter under utbildning. Denna studie undersöker hur studentterapeuterna upplevde det nya arbetssättet. Studien bygger på semistrukturerade intervjuer som har analyserats tematiskt utifrån en induktiv ansats. Resultatet visar att ett upplevelse- och feedbackbaserat arbetssätt uppfattades som tidseffektivt, strukturerat och målinriktat. Detta skapar aktivitet och delaktighet, en stark gruppdynamik samt god allians med handledarna vilket ger gott klimat för inlärning och utveckling. Några negativa aspekter på arbetssättet är att det är tidskrävande, att fokusering på prestation och feedback upplevs som ett hinder som kan skapa stress, ångest samt en känsla av att utvärderingen inte blir rättvis. Sammantaget visar resultatet att arbetssättet uppfattas som gynnsamt för studentterapeuter i utbildningsterapi gällande utveckling av både terapeutiska färdigheter och intrapersonell kapacitet. En utmaning för arbetssättet är att handledningen är obligatorisk, hierarkisk och betygsgrundande. För att generera goda förutsättningar för arbetssättet behövs mer utrymme i utbildningen skapas, fördelarna med arbetssättet belysas och ett tillåtande klimat med fokus på allians mellan studenter och handledare upprätthållas. Därtill är det också viktigt att beakta studenternas förmåga att vara självmedkännande.

Abstract [en]

There are high rates of sick-leave among therapists and supervision is seen as an important support in both professional practice and during education. Despite this, there are few methods that focuses on therapists' experience of supervision. Some new methods with the aim to increase the intrapersonal and psychological capacity of therapists in work with clients are Deliberate Practice (DP), Feedback Informed Treatment (FIT) and Self-Compassion (SC). During 2018, these methods were used by two supervisors who supervised six student therapists during training. This study examines how the student therapists experienced the new way of working. To collect the data semi-structured interviews were conducted, to further be analyzed thematically based on an inductive approach. The result showed that an experience- and feedback-based approach was perceived as efficient, structured and goal-oriented. This created activity and participation, a strong group dynamic and a good alliance with the supervisors, which provided a good climate for learning and development. Some negative aspects of the work method were that it’s a time-consuming. Further, focusing on performance and feedback was perceived as an obstacle that could create stress, anxiety and a feeling that the evaluation was not fair. The result showed overall that the way of working was perceived as beneficial for student therapists in education therapy regarding the development of both therapeutic skills and intrapersonal capacity. A challenge is that supervision is mandatory, hierarchical and that it’s a graded task. In order to generate good conditions for the work method more available space is needed within program. The advantages of the method need to be highlighted and an open climate with focus on alliance between students and supervisors need to be maintained. It is also important to consider the students' ability to be self-compassionate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
Supervision, Student Therapists, Deliberate Practice, Feedback Informed Treatment, Self-Compassion, Working life
Keywords [sv]
Handledning, Studentterapeuter, Deliberate Practice, Feedback Informed Treatment, Self-compassion, Arbetsliv
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-160230OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-160230DiVA, id: diva2:1325302
Educational program
Master's Programme in Occupational Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-15 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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