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Effects of Model Spin-Up on Simulated Recharge Using the Hydrus-1D Vadose Zone Model
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Betydelsen av spin-up för simulerad grundvattenbildning genom användning av Hydrus-1D modellen av den omättade zonen (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Groundwater is a crucial part of the hydrological cycle and is an important source for drinking water, irrigation and industry, particularly during droughts. With climate change, the hydrological variability is predicted to increase, making predictions for recharge and groundwater storage even more important to implement and to maintain sustainable water use. This study examines the importance of model spin-up in simulating recharge using the Hydrus-1D computer model. The focus is on two previously made Hydrus-1D models that represent end members in climate and hydrology; one which is a natural grassland in a semi-arid climate, while the other is a low impact development (LID) bioswale site in a Mediterranean climate. The main goal of this study is to characterize the range and causes of spin-up behavior as well as to analyze the extent of the effects that the spin-up process has on the recharge simulations. Although there has been some research on spin-up behavior for surface-water models, there is still a knowledge gap regarding the effects of model spin-up on vadose zone models simulating recharge.

The initial conditions varied using three parameters for each of the two models: time (3, 15 and 30 years), initial moisture (θ = 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3) and precipitation (25% drier than historical data, historical 30-year data, 25% wetter than historical data). The output from these spin-ups were then used as initial conditions in simulating recharge using the 15-year models.

The study found that the impact of spin-up is significant in the natural grassland site where there is a slow response between atmospheric forcings and recharge and where there is a relatively thick vadose zone. Especially spin-up time showed great variability and there is an inverse relationship between spin-up time and magnitude of recharge, where the longer spin-ups had lower recharge rates. Initial water content and precipitation did not result in different recharge amounts for the LID model. Length of spin-up only had very small differences in recharge for the LID models, indicating they are less sensitive to changes in initial spin-up parameters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
model spin-up, Hydrus-1D, simulated recharge
National Category
Natural Sciences Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-385590OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-385590DiVA, id: diva2:1325196
External cooperation
San Francisco State University
Subject / course
Earth science
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Earth Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-14 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved

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