Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Ultraprocessad mat: Sambandet mellan konsumtion av ultraprocessad mat, övervikt och fetma
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion. Ultraprocessad mat innebär industriellt producerad mat som ofta har ett lågt näringsvärde men hög energitäthet, t.ex. läsk, godis, sötsaker, chips och färdigmat. Produktion, tillgänglighet och marknadsföring av processad mat och dryck ökar, vilket många forskare tror driver den fetmaepidemi som ses i världen. Tidigare forskning har visat ett samband mellan ultraprocessad mat och både övervikt och fetma, metabola sjukdomar, cancer, depression och ångest. Syfte. Syftet var att utvärdera sambandet mellan ultraprocessad mat, övervikt och fetma, samt hur övrig kosthållning ser ut vid en högre konsumtion av ultraprocessad mat. Metod. Arbetet är en litteraturstudie baserad på åtta artiklar från databaserna OneSearch och PubMed. Resultat. Resultatet visade att det verkar finnas ett samband mellan ultraprocessad mat, övervikt och fetma. En högre konsumtion av ultraprocessad mat resulterar även i ett ökat totalt energiintag, lägre intag av protein, fibrer och kalium samt ett högre intag av totalt fett, mättat fett, fleromättat fett, transfett, kolesterol, totalt socker och natrium. Konsumtionen av ultraprocessad mat är högst bland vita/infödda, yngre, rökare, fysiskt inaktiva och lägre utbildade människor. Diskussion. Huvudsaklig orsak till resultatet tros vara att en kost rik på ultraprocessad mat är rik på fett och socker, vilket resulterar i ett ökat totalt energiintag och leder till viktuppgång.

Abstract [en]

Introduction. Ultra-processed food includes industrially produced food that often has a poor nutrition value but is high in energy density, e.g. soft drinks, candy, sweets, chips and pre-cooked food. Production, availability and marketing of processed foods and drinks has increased, which several researchers believe is the main reason for the obesity epidemic in the world. Previous research has shown an association between ultra-processed food and both overweight and obesity, metabolic diseases, cancer, depression and anxiety. Objective. The objective was to evaluate the association between ultra-processed food, overweight and obesity, and how the remaining diet is composed at an increased consumption of ultra-processed food. Method. The assignment is a literature review based on articles from the databases OneSearch and PubMed. Results. The results indicate an association between ultra-processed food, overweight and obesity. An increased consumption of ultra-processed food also results in an increased total energy intake, a decreased intake of protein, fibre and potassium and an increased intake of total fat, saturated fat, polyunsaturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, total sugar and sodium. The consumption of ultra-processed food is higher among white/native, younger people, smokers, physically inactive and those with a lower degree of education. Discussion. The main reason of the result is believed to depend on the fact that a diet rich in ultra-processed food also is a diet rich in fat and sugar, which results in an increased total energy intake that results in weight gain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
Ultra-processed food, processed food, overweight, obesity, BMI, NOVA
Keywords [sv]
Ultraprocessad mat, processad mat, övervikt, fetma, BMI, NOVA
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-85356OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-85356DiVA, id: diva2:1324801
Subject / course
Biomedical Sciences
Educational program
Health Science Programme with Specialisation in Bio Sciences, 180 credits
Presentation
2019-06-14, 11:06 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-17 Created: 2019-06-14 Last updated: 2019-06-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(829 kB)19 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 829 kBChecksum SHA-512
633312d44b6e2a995ebd9d16edc76b077e15a2b8ba04c7942800fb289b3f5b230b7cd7abf4c4b4799991426a0d8481ec289a641bc6e11d6bd14580d48f07a38a
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Winglycke, Wendela
By organisation
Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 19 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 49 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf