Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Hälso- och miljöfarliga kemikalier: En kvantitativ studie om vuxnas kännedom om kemikalier i vardagen
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Hazardous chemicals : A quantitative study on adults' awareness of chemicals in everyday life (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Många kemikalier som produceras och används i olika vardagsprodukter, material och byggnader är hälso- och miljöfarliga. Det finns lagstiftning för att göra kemikaliehanteringen säkrare och för att skydda människors hälsa och miljön. Trots insatser på strukturell nivå exponeras människor vid kontakt med produkter där farliga kemikalier ingår eller via damm, inomhusluft, vatten och livsmedel samt genom hudabsorption.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka vuxnas kännedom om hälso- och miljöfarliga kemikalier samt deras attityd och beteende kopplat till att bidra till att skapa en giftfri miljö.

Metod: Studien genomfördes som en kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie där data från 176 respondenter samlades in. Datainsamlingen gjordes med verktyget Survey & Report och databearbetningen och analysen gjordes i SPSS. Chi2-tester genomfördes för att undersöka samband mellan studiens variabler (p-värde <0,05 var signifikant).

Resultat: Resultatet visade att nästan 65 procent av respondenterna hade hög kännedom om kemikalier och att det fanns samband mellan kännedom och beteende samt att 70 procent i hög omfattning vidtog kemikaliesmarta beteenden. Det framkom att mindre andel respondenter med barn var helt ointresserade av kemikalier (9,0%) jämfört med respondenter utan barn (24,4%). Dessutom hade större andel respondenter med barn hög kännedom om kemikalier jämfört respondenter utan barn (69,2 respektive 46,3%). De vidtog också i högre omfattning beteenden för att skapa giftfria miljöer. Resultatet visade signifikanta samband mellan beteenden och den allmänna attityden respektive attityden gentemot statligt ansvar för respondenter med barn. Vidare fanns kopplingar mellan vissa bakgrundsfaktorer och kännedom, beteende och attityder.

Slutsats: Det genomförs insatser på olika nivåer för att skydda människors hälsa och miljön mot farliga kemikalier. Respondenternas intresse för och kännedom om kemikalier och beteenden för att skapa giftfria miljöer i vardagen skilde sig mellan grupper. I syfte att skapa giftfria miljöer och därmed jämlik hälsa för alla är det av intresse att ytterligare undersöka skillnader mellan olika grupper och vad dessa beror på samt hur individer kan motiveras till kemikaliesmarta beteenden.

Abstract [en]

Background: Many chemicals that are being produced and used in products, materials and buildings are hazardous for human health and the environment. There are laws to make chemical usage safer and to protect human health and the environment. Despite efforts on a structural level people are still being exposed through contact with products that contain hazardous chemicals or through dust, indoor-air, water and food as well as skin absorption.

Aim: The aim of the study was to examine adults’ awareness of hazardous chemicals and attitudes and behaviors to contributing to create non-toxic environments.

Method: This study was performed as a cross-sectional study in which data from 176 respondents was collected. For data collection the software Survey & Report was used, and data processing and analysis were done in SPSS. Chi-square tests were done to examine associations between the variables used in the study (p-value <0,05 was significant).

Results: The results showed that nearly 65 percent of the respondents had good awareness of chemicals and that there was an association between awareness and behavior and 70 percent of the respondents did take actions to minimize chemical exposure. Only 9 percent of the respondents with children were uninterested in chemicals compared to almost 25 percent of the respondents without children. Also, a larger part of respondents with children were highly aware of chemicals than those without children (69,2 and 46,3% respectively). They also took actions in a larger extend. Results showed significant associations between behavior and general attitudes and attitudes towards governmental responsibilities for respondents with children. Furthermore, there were connections between some background factors and awareness, behavior and attitudes.

Conclusion: Actions are being taken on different levels in order to protect human health and the environment against hazardous chemicals. The respondents’ interest in and awareness of chemicals and behaviors to create non-toxic environments in everyday-life differed between groups. In order to create non-toxic environments and equal health for everyone it is important to further examine differences between groups and the cause of these as well as how people can be motivated to proactively minimize their exposure to chemicals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 60
Keywords [en]
attitudes, awareness, behavior, chemicals, non-toxic environments
Keywords [sv]
attityd, beteende, giftfri miljö, kemikalier, kännedom
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-72537OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-72537DiVA, id: diva2:1324441
Educational program
Master Programme in Health Science: Focus Public Health Sciences, 120 ECTS credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-13 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(927 kB)11 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 927 kBChecksum SHA-512
0d8c173e86e9ebe348ba685d528902a6a31e1d8e37b0414ec0d123b0ec4584ff6099787501493caabcbd1a8f7200b9a278a18de4aa27ee9c9ad35c8ae5277866
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Health Sciences (from 2013)
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 11 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 32 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf