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Direct Lift Control of Fighter Aircraft
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control.
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Direct lift control for aircraft has been around in the aeronautical industry for decades but is mainly used in commercial aircraft with dedicated direct lift control surfaces. The focus of this thesis is to investigate if direct lift control is feasible for a fighter aircraft, similar to Saab JAS 39 Gripen, without dedicated control surfaces.

The modelled system is an aircraft that is inherently unstable and contains nonlinearities both in its aerodynamics and in the form of limited control surface deflection and deflection rates. The dynamics of the aircraft are linearised around a flight case representative of a landing scenario. Direct lift control is then applied to give a more immediate relation from pilot stick input to change in flight path angle while also preserving the pitch attitude.

Two different control strategies, linear quadratic control and model predictive control, were chosen for the implementation. Since fighter aircraft are systems with fast dynamics it was important to limit the computational time. This constraint motivated the use of specialised methods to speed up the optimisation of the model predictive controller.

Results from simulations in a nonlinear simulation environment supplied by Saab, as well as tests in high-fidelity flight simulation rigs with a pilot, proved that direct lift control is feasible for the investigated fighter aircraft. Sufficient control authority and performance when controlling the flight path angle were observed. Both developed controllers have their own advantages and which strategy is the most suitable depends on what the user prioritises. Pilot workload during landing as well as precision at touch down were deemed similar to conventional control.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 60
Keywords [en]
direct lift, direct lift control, fighter aircraft, model predictive control, linear quadratic control, MPC, LQ, flight path angle
National Category
Control Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157464ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--19/5214--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-157464DiVA, id: diva2:1324188
External cooperation
Saab Aeronautics
Subject / course
Automatic Control
Presentation
2019-06-05, Algoritmen, 13:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-13 Created: 2019-06-13 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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