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Relationen mellan generell och specifik nyfikenhet
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie undersökte huruvida nyfikenhet som generell egenskap eller personlighetsdrag uttrycker sig i nyfiket beteende i specifika områden. Med nyfiket beteende i specifika områden menas i denna studie att man uppoffrar tid eller pengar för mer information om svaret eller utfallet i en specifik uppgift, utan att svaret eller utfallet har något annat direkt värde än som information. Ett exempel är att uppoffra pengar mot att få information om vilka svarsalternativ som är felaktiga i ett logikproblem som man försöker lösa. De data som användes i denna studie härrör från tre tidigare studier som har utfört experiment med inslag av de avvägningar som nämnts. Samtliga 90 deltagare var rekryterade i anknytning till Umeå Universitet. Deltagarna har efter experimenten besvarat instrumentet Big Five Inventory (BFI-44) som mäter generella personlighetsdrag, samt instrumentet Curiosity and Exploration Inventory II (CEI-II) som mäter nyfikenhet som egenskap. Resultatet replikerade tidigare samband mellan personlighetsdrag och nyfikenhet som egenskap. Däremot predicerade varken nyfikenhet som generell egenskap eller personlighetsdrag nyfiket beteende i specifika områden. En tolkning gällande det icke-existerande sambandet är att människor har specifika intressen, huruvida de blir och upprätthåller nyfikenhet har inte med grundläggande drag att göra utan med andra orsaker. Möjligen bör konstruktvaliditeten för nyfikenhet som generell egenskap ifrågasättas.

Abstract [en]

This study examined whether curiosity as a general trait or personality trait expresses itself in curious behavior in specific areas. With curious behavior in specific areas, this study means that you sacrifice time or money for more information about the answer or outcome of a specific task, without the answer or outcome having any other direct value than as information. One example is to sacrifice money to get information about which answer alternatives are incorrect in a logic problem that one tries to solve. The data used in this study derives from three previous studies that performed experiments with elements of the trade-offs mentioned. The 90 participants were recruited in connection with Umeå University. After the experiments the participants answered the instrument Big Five Inventory (BFI-44) that measures general personality traits, and the instrument Curiosity and Exploration Inventory II (CEI-II) that measures trait curiosity. The result replicated previous relationships between personality traits and trait curiosity. However, neither curiosity as a general trait or personality traits predicted curious behavior in specific areas. An interpretation of this non-existing relationship is that people have specific interests, whether they become and maintain curiosity does not have to do with fundamental traits but with other reasons. Possibly the construct validity of curiosity as a general trait should be questioned.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
curiosity, trait curiosity, state curiosity, personality traits, openness
Keywords [sv]
nyfikenhet, nyfikenhet som egenskap, tillstånd av nyfikenhet, personlighetsdrag, öppenhet
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-160122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-160122DiVA, id: diva2:1324171
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-13 Created: 2019-06-13 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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