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Traffic Sign Classification Using Computationally Efficient Convolutional Neural Networks
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Computer Vision.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Traffic sign recognition is an important problem for autonomous cars and driver assistance systems. With recent developments in the field of machine learning, high performance can be achieved, but typically at a large computational cost.

This thesis aims to investigate the relation between classification accuracy and computational complexity for the visual recognition problem of classifying traffic signs. In particular, the benefits of partitioning the classification problem into smaller sub-problems using prior knowledge in the form of shape or current region are investigated.

In the experiments, the convolutional neural network (CNN) architecture MobileNetV2 is used, as it is specifically designed to be computationally efficient. To incorporate prior knowledge, separate CNNs are used for the different subsets generated when partitioning the dataset based on region or shape. The separate CNNs are trained from scratch or initialized by pre-training on the full dataset.

The results support the intuitive idea that performance initially increases with network size and indicate a network size where the improvement stops. Including shape information using the two investigated methods does not result in a significant improvement. Including region information using pretrained separate classifiers results in a small improvement for small complexities, for one of the regions in the experiments.

In the end, none of the investigated methods of including prior knowledge are considered to yield an improvement large enough to justify the added implementational complexity. However, some other methods are suggested, which would be interesting to study in future work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 114
Keywords [en]
CNN, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Computer Vision, Traffic Sign Recognition, Traffic Sign Classification, Image Classification, Neural Networks
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157453ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--19/5216--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-157453DiVA, id: diva2:1324051
External cooperation
Veoneer
Subject / course
Computer Vision Laboratory
Presentation
2019-06-10, Algoritmen, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 15:15 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-13 Created: 2019-06-13 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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