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A discursive cartography of nationally determined contributions to the Paris climate agreement
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR. Stockholm Environm Inst, Sweden; Univ Oxford, England.
2019 (English)In: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 55, p. 73-83Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The 2015 Paris Agreement was adopted in a geopolitical context that is very different from the post-Cold War era when the Climate Convention was negotiated. This new global climate deal responds to a more fragmented and multipolar world signified by the rise of major economies in the South. This paper examines the geopolitical landscape in which the Paris Agreement is enacted and implemented. We conduct a discursive analysis of the Nationally Determined Contributions submitted by parties to the Paris Agreement. We ask what policy discourses emerge in these national climate plans, which states cluster around them and how they compare to UNFCCC annex, geographical location, income group, and negotiation coalitions. Our findings suggest that liberal environmentalism retains a strong hold over the political imagination in the post-Paris landscape. However, we see points of diffraction and tensions that might give rise to conflict. While liberal environmentalism is only challenged in Nationally Determined Contributions from the global South, we conclude that conventional geopolitical patterns only partly explain the formation of discourse coalitions. In the Paris Agreements implementation stage discursive struggles are likely to become increasingly prominent. Discourse analysis facilitates understanding of disagreements on the Paris rulebook and the global stocktake.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2019. Vol. 55, p. 73-83
Keywords [en]
Paris agreement; Nationally determined contributions; Country coalitions; North-south relations; Climate discourses; Storylines
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157268DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.01.006ISI: 000463982000007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-157268DiVA, id: diva2:1323831
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-10-30

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Jernnäs, MariaLinnér, Björn-Ola
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