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Betydelsen av skogens slutenhet för gammelskogslaven långskägg, Usnea longissima
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Importance of stand density for the old-growth forest lichen species Usnea longissima (English)
Abstract [en]

The epiphytic lichen Usnea longissima is strongly associated with old-growth forests and is declining. Previous studies have documented unimodal relationships between stand density and abundance of U. longissima. The aim of this thesis has been to investigate whether the same relationship is found in Sweden and to determine the optimum level of stand density. The study area (1.4 ha) was divided into a grid with 48 circular plots (10-m radius). Stand density was measured as basal area (m²/ha) using a relascope and abundance of U. longissima was measured as the length of the longest thallus present on the tree nearest the plot center. Usnea longissima was found in 42 plots (mean thallus length of 37 cm). The regression analyses between length of U. longissima and basal area showed that the relationship was not significant (R²=0.082, P=0.066), and tended to be linear rather than unimodal. However, plots with U. longissima had significantly lower basal area (30.4 m²/ha) than plots without the lichen (35.1 m²/ha). The basal area in U. longissima plots was higher than in Norwegian studies, but similar to other Swedish sites. Thus, my results correspond well with earlier studies that have documented higher basal area in U. longissima-locations in Västernorrland than in more oceanic areas in Norway. Thereby a basal area around 27-35 m²/ha seems most favorable for U. longissima in the study area. The lichen cannot develop large populations in dense stands, indicating that management operations to reduce the basal area might be needed in such stands.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
Canopy openness, Basal area, Epiphytic lichen, Usnea longissima, Sweden
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-160080OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-160080DiVA, id: diva2:1323715
Available from: 2019-06-13 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved

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