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Civilian Agency in Contexts of Organized Criminal Violence: The case of the bandas criminales in Colombia
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

While research increasingly recognizes the importance of civilian agency and strategies in influencing conflict dynamics and reducing civilian victimization in the context of armed conflict, research has until now not investigated whether civilians also have the capacity to limit organized criminal violence. This study thus aims to answer under which conditions civilians can protect themselves from and influence levels of organized criminal violence and draws on the literatures on civilian self-protection and autonomy strategies in the context of armed conflict, as well as on organized criminal governance and violence. I argue that civilian communities with high levels of social organization will experience lower levels of violence, as they are more likely to mount successful collective strategies that influence costs and benefits for organized crime groups to use violence. Using the method of structured focused comparison, this hypothesis is tested on the Colombian municipalities San Juan de Arama, Vistahermosa and Granada. The results show some support for the theorized relationship. In general, municipalities with higher levels of social organization experienced lower levels of organized criminal violence, but this relationship appears to be moderated by levels of civil war violence. Due to the explorative character of this study, more research is warranted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 79
Keywords [en]
organized crime, civilian agency, social organization, criminal groups, neo-paramilitary, Colombia
Keywords [es]
delincuencia organizada, crimen organizado, civiles, organización social, Colombia, Meta, bandas criminales, neoparamilitares
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-385264OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-385264DiVA, id: diva2:1323698
Subject / course
Peace and Conflict Studies
Educational program
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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