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Att belysa patienters erfarenheter av information om sin egenvård vid diabetes typ 2
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To clarify patient's of information about their self-care in type 2 diabetes. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Diabetes mellitus är en kronisk sjukdom som innebär att insulinbrist orsakar förhöjd blodsockerhalt i kroppen. Diabetes ökar kraftigt runt om i världen. Ökningen associeras med ökad befolkning, åldersgrupp, ändrad kost och livsstil samt ökad övervikt. Diabetes typ 2 ska främst behandlas genom att försöka minska insulinresistensen i vävnaderna. Egenvårdsbehandling är främst att försöka äta mer hälsosamt, motionera och sluta röka.

Syfte: Att belysa patienters erfarenheter av information om sin egenvård vid diabetes typ 2

Metod: Arbetet är en litteraturstudie. För litteratursökningen har de vetenskapliga databaserna PubMed och Cinahl där de har hög kvalitet använts.

Resultat: Hinder med informationen om egenvård kunde bero på ålder på patienten, om andra sjukdomar fanns i botten, rädslor, osäkerhet och brist på insikt. Möjligheter med informationen om egenvård var patientens vilja att lära sig mer om diabetes på djupet genom sjukvården och att ta initiativ till egen informationssökning och kunskap som gav större insikt om vikten av egenvård.

Slutsats: Resultatet visar på att patienterna ser fler hinder än möjligheter kring information om egenvård. Det är viktigt att patienterna får information om egenvård men främst att patienten förstått informationen och får stöd och motivation att kunna förändra livsstilen.

Abstract [en]

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that causes insulin deficiency to cause increased blood sugar levels in the body. Diabetes is increasing rapidly around the world. The increase is associated with increased population, age, changed diet and lifestyle, and increased overweight. Type 2 diabetes should be treated primarily by trying to reduce insulin resistance in the tissues. Self-care is mainly to try to eat healthier, exercise and stop smoking.

Aim: The aim is to clarify patient’s experiences of information about their self-care in type 2 diabetes.

Methods: This work is a literature study. For the literature search, the scientific databases were PubMed and Cinahl, where they have used high quality.

Results: Obstacles with the information about self-care could be due to the age of the patient, if there were other diseases, fears, insecurity and lack of insight. Opportunities with the information on self-care were the patient's desire to learn more about diabetes in depth through the health care system and to take the initiative to search for information on your own and to get knowledge that provided greater insight into the importance of self-care.

Conclusion: The result shows that patients see more obstacles than opportunities regarding information about self-care. It is important that patients receive information about self-care, but primarily that the patient understands the information and receives support and motivation to be able to change the lifestyle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Diabetes mellitus type 2, experience, information, literature review, self-care
Keywords [sv]
Diabetes mellitus typ 2, Egenvård, Erfarenhet, Information, Litteraturöversikt
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-30195OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-30195DiVA, id: diva2:1323675
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12

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