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Modellering av åtgärdsintervall för vägar med tung trafik
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, there has been an long term effort to allow as heavy traffic as possible, provided thatthe road network can handle it. This is because heavy traffic offers a competitive advantage withsocio-economic gains. In July 2018, the Swedish Transport Administration made 12 percent ofthe Swedish road network avaliable for the new maximum vehicle weight of 74 tonnes, basedon a legislative change from 2017. It is known that heavy traffic has a negative effect on thedegradation of the road, but it prevails divided opinions on whether 74 tonnes have a greaterimpact on the degradation rate compared to previous maximum gross weights of 64 tonnes.The 74 tonne vehicles have the same allowed axle load, which means more axles per vehicle. Some argue that an increased total load and more axles affect the degradation associated withtime-dependent material properties, while others argue that 74 tonnes mean fewer heavy vehiclesoverall, and thus should have a positive impact on the road’s lifespan. The construction companySkanska therefore requests a statistical analysis that enables to nuance the effects that heavytraffic has on the Swedish state road network.

Since there is very limited data on the effect of 74 tonne traffic, this Master thesis instead focuseson modeling heavy traffic in general in order to be able to draw conclusions on which variablesare significant for a road’s lifetime. The method used is survival analysis where the lifetimeof the road is defined as the time between two maintenance treatments. The model selectedis the semi-parametric ’Cox Proportional Hazard Model’. The model is fitted with data froman open source database called LTPP (Long Term Pavement Performance) which is providedby the National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI).

The result of the modeling ispresented with hazard ratios, which is the relative risk that a road will require maintance atthe next time stamp compared to a reference category. The covariates that turned out to besignificant for a road’s lifetime and thus are included in the model are; lane width, undergroundtype, speed limit, asphalt layer thickness, bearing layer thickness and proportion of heavy traffic. Survival curves estimated by the model are also presented. In addition, a sensitivity analysis ismade by exploring survival curves estimated for different scenarios, with different combinationsof covariate levels.The results is then compared with previous studies on the subject. The most interesting finding isa case study from Finland since Finland allow 76 tonne vehicles since 2013. In the comparison,the model’s significant variables are confirmed, but the significance of precipitation and thenumber of axes for a roads lifetime is also highlighted

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
time-to-event analysis, Cox Proportional Hazards Model, heavy traffic, maintenance interval, long term pavement performance
Keywords [sv]
överlevnadsanalys, Cox Proportional Hazards Model, tung trafik, åtgärdsintervall, långtidsuppföljning av vägkonstruktioners tillståndsförändring
National Category
Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-160057OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-160057DiVA, id: diva2:1323517
External cooperation
Skanska
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering and Management
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-13 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-06-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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