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Arbetsterapeutiska utredningar och interventioner i skolan för barn med autismspektrumtillstånd: En scoping review
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Occupational therapy investigations and interventions in school for children with autism spectrum disorder : a scoping review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Forskning visar på att barn med funktionsnedsättningar vill delta i alla aktiviteter i skolan men att de inte kan. Detta kan bero på brist på anpassningar och stöd, insatser kopplade till arbetsterapeutens kompetensområden. I många länder är arbetsterapeuter anställda inom skolan men i Sverige är det mindre vanligt att en arbetsterapeut ingår i skolverksamheten.Syfte: Att beskriva hur arbetsterapeuter arbetar med barn med autismspektrumtillstånd i skolan. Metod: Studiedesignen som användes var scoping review. Datainsamlingen skedde genom en litteratursökning med sökord relevanta för syftet, sökningarna gjordes i databaserna AMED, PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Medline och ERIC. Litteratursökningen kompletterades med manuella sökningar i andra studiers referenslistor. Litteratursökningen resulterade i 14 artiklar samt 6 artiklar från de manuella sökningarna, vilket blev totalt 20 artiklar. Resultat: Studien resulterade i två övergripande kategorier; utredningar och interventioner, med sex underkategorier; intervju, observation, interventioner för utmanande beteende, hjälpmedel och träning i att använda hjälpmedel, sensoriska interventioner samt interventioner för sociala färdigheter. Slutsats är att det förekommer många interventioner för barn med autismspektrumtillstånd i skolan som kan bidra till att dessa barn får samma möjligheter att klara av skolan som andra. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Research shows that children with disabilities wants to participate in all activities in school but that they can’t. This may be due to lack of adaptations and support, interventions linked to the occupational therapist's areas of competence. In many countries, occupational therapists are employees of the school, but in Sweden it is less common for an occupational therapist to be included in the school staff. Purpose: To describe how occupational therapists work with children with autism spectrum disorder in school. Method: The study design used was scoping review. The data collection was done through a literature search with keywords relevant to the purpose, the searches were made in the databases AMED, PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Medline and ERIC. The literature search was supplemented with manual searches in other studies reference lists. The literature search resulted in 14 articles and 6 articles from the manual searches, a total of 20 articles were included. Result: The study resulted in two overarching categories; investigations and interventions, with six subcategories; interview, observation, interventions for challenging behavior, aids and training in using assistive devices, interventions for sensory processing and interventions for social skills. Conclusion: there are many interventions for children with autism spectrum in school that can help these children to have the same opportunities to cope with school as others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Autism, activity and participation, sensory interventions, challenging behavior, occupational justice
Keywords [sv]
Autism, aktivitet och delaktighet, sensoriska interventioner, utmanande beteende, aktivitetsrättvisa
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44402ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20190136OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-44402DiVA, id: diva2:1323444
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Presentation
2019-06-03, Hc113 (HLK), Jönköping University, Jönköping, 10:30 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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