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Natriumkarbonat som alternativ alkalikälla till natriumhydroxid: Impregnering och blekning av kemitermomekanisk massa
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Sodium carbonate as an alternative alkali source to sodium hydroxide : Impregnation and bleaching of chemi-thermomechanical pulp (English)
Abstract [sv]

Arbetet handlade om att ta reda på om det går att byta ut natriumhydroxid mot natriumkarbonat som alkalikälla på CTMP-linjen, och gjordes på uppdrag av Stora Enso Skoghalls bruk. De områdena som studerades var impregnering och blekning av CTMP (kemitermomekanisk pappersmassa) samt hantering av natriumkarbonatlösning.

Natriumkarbonatens löslighet vid olika temperaturer verifierades, blekning av CTMP med natriumkarbonat och natriumhydroxid utfördes, titrering av natriumhydroxid och natriumkarbonat mot natriumbisulfitlösning och en enklare laborationsimpregnering gjordes. Även aspekten av utrustning, kostnader och eventuell utfällning av kalciumkarbonat studerades.

Resultaten visade att det krävs mer natriumkarbonat för att ersätta natriumhydroxid än vad man trott och att det totalt sett blir dyrare. Det finns dock en möjlighet att andra delar av bruket kan utföra bytet av alkali och gå med större vinst än vad CTMP-linjen går med förlust. Försöken visade även på temperaturökning vid tillredning av natriumkarbonatlösningen, utfällning av kristallsoda och behov av att den befintliga utrustningen kompletteras utifrån rekommendationer från kemikalieleverantören. Tidigare studier visade på eventuella försämringar av papperskvaliteten när natriumkarbonat används vid blekning av CTMP.

Trots att natriumkarbonat är ett billigare alternativ till natriumhydroxid, och att det teoretiskt sett skulle fungera bra som en utbrytare, är det mycket som man behöver ta hänsyn till vad gäller natriumkarbonat och det krävs eftertanke för att saker ska görs på rätt sätt. Utifrån resultaten kan man dra slutsatsen att det inte ser ut som en bra ide att utföra bytet.

Abstract [en]

The objective of this project was to see if it is possible to replace sodium hydroxide with sodium carbonate as an alkali source on the CTMP line, and it was done on behalf of the Stora Enso Skoghall Mill. The areas that were studied were the impregnation and bleaching of CTMP and also the handling of sodium carbonate solution.

The solubility of sodium carbonate at various temperatures was confirmed, bleaching of CTMP with sodium hydroxide and sodium carbonate, titration of the sodium hydroxide and sodium carbonate against sodium bisulfite solution and a simpler laboratory impregnation was performed. Aspects of equipment, costs and the possibility of precipitation of calcium carbonate were also studied.

The results indicate that more sodium carbonate is needed than one thought for the substitution to be possible, and that it also becomes more expensive. There is a possibility that other parts of the mill can perform the replacement of alkali and go with greater profit than the CTMP line goes with loss. Experiments also showed an increase in temperature when preparing the sodium carbonate solution, precipitation of natron and the need for the existing equipment to be supplemented on the basis of recommendations from the chemical supplier. Previous studies showed possible deterioration of the paper quality when bleaching CTMP with sodium carbonate.

Although sodium carbonate is a cheaper alternative to sodium hydroxide, and that it would theoretically work well as a substitute, it is much that one has to take into consideration in terms of using sodium carbonate and it is necessary to think things through before usage, so that things can be done properly. Based on the results, it is shown that the swap of alkali will be suboptimal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 51
Keywords [en]
sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, CTMP, impregnation, bleaching
Keywords [sv]
natriumhydroxid, natriumkarbonat, CTMP, impregnering, blekning
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-72437OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-72437DiVA, id: diva2:1323433
External cooperation
Stora Enso
Subject / course
Chemical Engineering
Educational program
Engineering: Chemical Engineering (300 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-06-12Bibliographically approved

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