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Fortbildning inom psykisk ohälsa: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med fritidsgårdspersonal
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Psykisk ohälsa är ett omfattande folkhälsoproblem, särskilt bland barn och ungdomar. Det kan därför vara av betydelse att fritisgårdspersonal som dagligen arbetar med barn och ungdomar också kan ge stöd och vägledning till barn och ungdomar som mår dåligt psykiskt. Att fritidsgårdspersonal får fortbildning om psykisk ohälsa kan även vara en främjande faktor för fritidsgårdspersonalen att motverka ohälsosamma stressorer inför svåra situationer. Fortbildningen kan således stärka personalens förmåga att hantera utmanande situationer gällande psykiska besvär bland barn och ungdomar.  Föreliggande studie genomfördes för fritidsgårdsverksamheternas enhet i Västerås stad. Syftet med studien var att undersöka fritidsgårdspersonalens upplevda behov av fortbildning gällande psykisk ohälsa bland ungdomar.  En kvalitativ ansats valdes för studien och datainsamlingen genomfördes utifrån semistrukturerade intervjuer. Urvalet av informanter var målinriktat och fem personer intervjuades. Därefter transkriberades och analyserades intervjuerna utifrån en manifest innehållsanalys. Resultaten visar att fritidsgårdspersonalen upplever svårigheter kring hantering av psykisk ohälsa bland barn och ungdomar på grund av att de är i behov av verktyg som hjälper dem att hantera svåra situationer i allmänhet.  Men de upplevde dessutom ett behov av fortbildning kring psykisk ohälsa i synnerhet. Personalen upplever också att de har bristande kunskap kring olika tillstånd och diagnoser som psykisk ohälsa omfattar. Resultatet påvisar även att fritidsgårdspersonalen uttryckte en känsla av meningsfullhet för sitt arbete. Slutsatsen från studien tyder på att det finns ett behov av fortbildning gällande psykisk ohälsa för fritidsgårdspersonalen.

Abstract [en]

Mental health is an increasing public health problem, especially among children and adolescents. It is therefore essential for the youth care staff who work with children and adolecents on a daily basis to know how to effectively handle young individuals who are suffering from mental health problems. The fact that the youth care staff receive further training on mental illness can be a stimulating factor for them to counter difficult situations appropriately. The continuing education can also strengthen the staff's ability to handle challenging situations regarding mental health problems among children and adolescents. A study was conducted for several youth care centres in Vasteras city, Sweden. The purpose of the study was to investigate the youth care staffs perceived need for competence training regarding mental illness among adolecents. A qualitative approach was chosen, and the data collection was thus carried out based on semi-structured interviews. Purposeful sampling was used and five youth care staff were interviewed. After which, their answers were transcribed and analysed based on a manifest content analysis.   The results show, that youth care staff experience difficulties in managing mental illness among children, and adolescents because they are in need of tools that help them handle difficult situations in general. But they also experienced a need for further education on mental illness in particular. This is largely due to a lack of knowledge about the various conditions and diagnoses that mental illness involves. The results also show that the staff expressed a sense of meaningfulness for their work. The conclusion from the study suggests that there is a need for continuing education regarding mental health for youth care staff.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
adolescents, competence training, mental health, Public Health, sense of coherence, youth care centres
Keywords [sv]
Folkhälsa, fritidsgård, KASAM, kompetensutveckling, mental ohälsa, ungdomar
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-43709OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-43709DiVA, id: diva2:1321731
Subject / course
Science of Public Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-10 Created: 2019-06-09 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved

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