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Det dagliga livet efter behandlingshem för alkohol- och drogmissbruk: Hur hanterar och värderar personer med alkohol- och/eller drogproblematik sina vardagliga aktiviteter?
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The daily life after inpatient substance abuse treatment. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Av Sveriges totala befolkning är 5 % beroende och/eller missbrukar alkohol och droger. Det finns samband mellan människors aktivitetsmönster och missbruk, då missbruket har en inverkan på de dagliga aktiviteterna. Strukturen i vardagen har en betydande roll för alkoholkonsumtion och återfall. Arbetsterapeuter som yrkesgrupp förekommer sällan inom beroende och missbruksvård, trots att ett missbruk påverkar de vardagliga aktiviteterna. Personer med alkohol- och/eller drogproblematik känner sig ofta tillfredsställda med vårdprogrammen på behandlingshem men inte med eftervården som ges. Syfte: Beskriva hur personer med drog- och/eller alkoholproblematik hanterar och värderar vardagliga aktiviteter efter avslutad behandling på behandlingshem. Vidare jämförs om det finns någon skillnad i hantering och värdering av vardagliga aktiviteter hos de som haft och inte haft återfall efter avslutad behandling. Metod: Syftet besvarades genom en kvantitativ studie. Enkäter innehållande självskattningsinstrumentet Min Mening och författarnas egna konstruerade bakgrundsfrågor har använts. 35 män och kvinnor som behandlats på behandlingshem för sin alkohol- och eller drogproblematik deltog i studien. Resultat: Det framkom att deltagarnas drogfrihet har påverkat de vardagliga aktiviteterna till det bättre. Deltagarna upplevde att aktiviteterna “Att få gjort det jag behöver göra” och “Att koppla av och roa mig” fungerade minst bra. De värderade aktiviteten “Att sköta min ekonomi” högst. Det framkom skillnader mellan de deltagare som haft och inte haft återfall efter avslutad behandling. Alla vardagliga aktiviteter i denna studie upplevdes fungera bättre för de som inte haft återfall. Slutsats: Resultatet går i linje med den forskning som redan finns vad gäller samband mellan aktivitetsmönster och missbruk samt belyser och uppmärksammar arbetsterapins betydelse inom missbruksområdet vidare.

Abstract [en]

Background: 5% of the population in Sweden are having substance abuse problems.

There is a connection between individual activity patterns and substance abuse, because the substance abuse is affecting the everyday activities. The relation of the everyday life contra alcohol consumption and relapses is significant. Professional occupational therapists are rarely involved in the treatment of substance abusers, despite that substance abuse is affecting the everyday activities.

People with substance abuse problems often feel satisfied with the treatment program at a treatment center, but not with the given aftercare. Purpose: Describe how people with substance abuse problems handles and values everyday activities after finished treatment at a treatment center. Furthermore, a comparison is made to evaluate if there are any differences between the participants in the study who have had a relapse and those who have not had a relapse to how they handle everyday activities and how they value them. Method: The purpose was answered through a quantitative study. Surveys containing the instrument Occupational Self-Assessment and the authors’ own constructed questions was used. 35 men and women who have been treated at treatment center for some kind of substance abuse participated in the study. Result: it was revealed that the participants’ drug free living affected their everyday activities. The participants experienced that the activities ”accomplishing what I set out to do” and “relaxing and enjoying myself” were least successful. They valued the activity” managing my finances” the most. It was revealed that there were differences between the participants that have had a relapse and those who have not had a relapse after they finished their treatment. Those who did not have a relapse experienced better function in all the everyday activities in the study. Conclusion: The result is in line with already available research which touches the connection between activity pattern and substance abuse. The importance of occupational therapy within the field of substance abuse is, furthermore, highlighted and brought to attention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Activity, aftercare, competence, occupational therapy, relapse, values
Keywords [sv]
Aktivitet, arbetsterapi, eftervård, kompetens, värdering, återfall
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44230ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20190130OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-44230DiVA, id: diva2:1321625
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-09 Last updated: 2019-06-12Bibliographically approved

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