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Förekomst och självskattad upplevelse av arbetsterapeutiska interventioner för kvinnor med stressrelaterad ohälsa
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Incidence and self-rated experience of occupational therapy interventions for women with stress-related disorders (English)
Abstract [sv]

Psykisk ohälsa är idag den vanligaste orsaken till långtidssjukskrivningar i Sverige och stressrelaterade diagnoser står för 49 procent där kvinnor är överrepresenterade. Konsekvenserna av stressrelaterad ohälsa leder till stora problem i vardagen. Där den subjektiva upplevelsen av inkongruens mellan krav och förmåga i aktivitetsutförande samt en obalans i aktivitetsmönster är centrala. Inom arbetsterapi anses ett balanserat aktivitetsmönster och kongruens i aktivitetsutförande vara en förutsättning för delaktighet och hälsa. Syftet med studien var att undersöka förekomsten av arbetsterapeutiska interventioner för kvinnor med stressrelaterad ohälsa och deras självskattade upplevelser av interventionerna. Metoden som användes var en kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie där data från 188 kvinnor insamlades via en egenkonstruerad webbenkät på sociala nätverket Facebook. Enkäten berörde demografisk data samt förekomst och självskattad upplevelse av sju arbetsterapeutiska interventioner. Resultatet visade att 37 procent av respondenterna erhållit någon form av arbetsterapeutisk intervention och i snitt 2.5 interventioner per respondent. Inga statistiska regionala skillnader kunde urskiljas i förekomst av arbetsterapeutiska interventioner. Den mest förekommande interventionen var Tips och råd för att hantera stressiga situationer (31%). Anpassningar på arbetsplatsen, miljö och utförande var den intervention som skattades högst då 13 av de 14 kvinnor (93%) som deltagit i interventionen skattade Mycket bra/Ganska bra. Totalt skattade kvinnorna samtliga arbetsterapeutiska interventioner Mycket bra/Ganska bra (80%). Slutsats: Resultatet visade att arbetsterapeutiska interventioner förekom endast bland cirka en tredjedel av de kvinnor som sökt vård relaterat till stressrelaterad ohälsa. Dock ansåg majoriteten att deras upplevelser av interventionerna var positiva vilket indikerar att arbetsterapeutiska interventioner kan vara ett stöd i rehabiliteringen för kvinnor med stressrelaterad ohälsa.

Abstract [en]

Mental ill-health is today the most common cause of long-term sick leave in Sweden and stress-related diagnoses account for 49 percent where women are over-represented. The consequences of stress-related ill-health leads to difficulties in everyday life. Where a subjective experience of incongruence between requirements and ability in occupational performance and an imbalance in activity patterns are crucial. Having a balanced activity pattern and experiencing congruence in occupational performance are considered to be essential for experiencing participation and health in occupational therapy theory. The purpose of this study was to explore the incidence of occupational therapy interventions for women with stress-related disorders and their self-rated experiences of the interventions. The method used was a quantitative cross-sectional study where data from 188 women were collected using a self-designed web survey on the social network Facebook. The questionnaire concerned demographic data and the incidence and self-rated experience of seven occupational therapy interventions. The result showed that 37 percent of the respondents had received some form of occupational therapy intervention and on average 2.5 interventions per respondent. There were no statistical regional differences in the incidence of occupational therapy interventions. The most common intervention was Strategies for managing stressful situations (31%). The intervention Workplace adjustments of performance and environment rated highest where 13 out of 14 women (93%) rated Very good/Fairly good. Overall the occupational therapy interventions where rated as Very good/Fairly good (80%). Conclusion: The overall result showed that occupational therapy interventions occurred only among approximately one-third of the women who sought care related to stress-related disorder. However, the majority considered that their experience of the interventions were positive, which indicates that occupational therapy interventions can be a support in the rehabilitation of women with stress-related disorders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 41
Keywords [en]
Occupational therapy, work rehabilitation, stress-related disorder, mental ill-health
Keywords [sv]
Arbetsterapi, arbetsrehabilitering, stressrelaterad ohälsa, psykisk ohälsa
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74277OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-74277DiVA, id: diva2:1321612
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Occupational Therapist, bachelor’s level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-10 Created: 2019-06-09 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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