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Arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av arbete i skolan för elever med ADHD och/eller autism: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Occupational therapists experiences of work in school for pupils with ADHD and/or Autism (English)
Abstract [sv]

Undersökningar visar att elever med funktionsnedsättning uppger att de trivs sämre i skolan, de upplever ofta högre krav och mer stress från skolarbetet än övriga elever. Arbetsterapi inom skolmiljö riktar sig mot att möjliggöra en stödjande miljö för individen. Syftet med studien var att undersöka och beskriva arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av arbete i skolan för elever med ADHD och/eller autism. Metoden som författarna använde sig utav var en kvalitativ intervjustudie där deltagarna rekryterades med avsiktligt urval och snöbollsurval. Undersökningen bestod av intervjuer med åtta arbetsterapeuter som arbetar inom skola och habilitering i Sverige. Materialet analyserades enligt kvalitativ innehållsanalys och bygger på arbetsterapeuternas berättelser. Resultatet presenteras i tre kategorier: Utmaningar i skolmiljön, Interventioner samt Skolan som ny arena. Arbetsterapeuterna beskrev utmaningar som målgruppen upplevde i skolmiljö, vilka interventioner som användes samt deras uppfattningar av arbetsterapi i skolan. Slutsatsen är att det finns brist på kunskap om ADHD och autism i omgivningen i skolan. Det finns behov av arbetsterapi i skolan för elever med ADHD och/eller autism. En arbetsterapeut kan med sitt helhetsperspektiv arbeta för att främja aktivitet och delaktighet i skolan.

Abstract [en]

Studies shows that pupils with disabilities state that they experience a low level of wellbeing in school. Pupils with disabilities often experience higher demands and more stress from school tasks than other pupils. Occupational therapy within school environment is targeted at enabling a supportive environment for the individual. The purpose with this study was to investigate and describe occupational therapist´s experiences of work in school for pupils with ADHD and/or autism. The method that was used by the authors was a qualitative interview study. Participants were recruited by using purposive and snowball sampling. The study consisted of 8 occupational therapists who were working in school and habilitation in Sweden. The material was analyzed by using qualitative content analysis. The results are based on the occupational therapist´s point of view and are presented in three main categories, Challenges in the school environment, Interventions and School as a new arena. The occupational therapists describes challenges in school environment for the pupils, which interventions they were using in their work and their perceptions about occupational therapy in school. The conclusion is that there is a lack of knowledge about ADHD and autism in the surroundings at school. There is a need for occupational therapy in schools for pupils with ADHD and/or autism. An occupational therapist can work with their holistic perspective to promote activity and participation in the school.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
Activity, Neuropsychiatric disorder, Occupational therapy interventions, participation
Keywords [sv]
Aktivitet, Arbetsterapeutiska interventioner, Delaktighet, Neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-44211ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20190129OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-44211DiVA, id: diva2:1321582
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-11 Created: 2019-06-09 Last updated: 2019-06-11Bibliographically approved

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