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Hur sjuksköterskans bemötande upplevs av personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How the nurse’s approach is experienced by people with diabetes mellitus type 2 (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Diabetes typ 2 är en kronisk sjukdom som kan medföra olika komplikationer. Personer med sjukdomen har ofta regelbunden kontakt med vården, de får stöttning och råd vad gäller livsstilsförändringar samt självhantering av sjukdomen. 

Syfte: Att beskriva hur sjuksköterskans bemötande upplevs av personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2. 

Metod: En litteraturöversikt baserad på elva vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ design. Artiklarnas resultat tolkades med en induktiv ansats. 

Resultat: HuvudkategoriernaIngå i team tillsammans med sjuksköterskanoch Känna sig utelämnad beskriver upplevelser av en god relation där vården planerades gemensamt och personer upplevde delaktighet i mötet, samt upplevelser av att inte bli sedda som individer, att bli ignorerade och att känna sig dömda. 

Slutsats: Sjuksköterskans bemötande har en betydande inverkan på personer med diabetes mellitus typ 2. När en god relation skapats, där personer erfar stöd har de lättare att anpassa sig till behandlingar och godare förutsättningar att genomgå livsstilsförändringar. En god relation relateras till personers upplevelser av trygghet, tillit och lugn. Ett bristande bemötande kan istället leda till negativa upplevelser av sjukvården och minska motivationen att se efter sin sjukdom. Avsaknad av stöd ledde till upplevelser av besvikelse, ensamhet och att bli missförstådd.

Abstract [en]

Background: Diabetes type 2 is a chronic disease that can cause various complications. People living with the disease often have regular contact with the healthcare, they receive support and advice on lifestyle changes and self-management of the disease. Aim:To describehow the nurse’s approach is experienced by people with diabetes mellitus type 2. 

Method: A literature review based on eleven scientific articles with a qualitative design. The results of the articles were interpreted with an inductive approach. 

Results: The main categories Being a part of a team with the nurse and Feeling left outdescribes experiences of a good relationship where the care was planned jointly and people experienced participation in the meeting, as well as experiences of not being seen as individuals, to be ignored and to feel condemned. 

Conclusion: The nurse’s approach has a significant impact on people with diabetes type 2. When a good relationship is created, where people experience support, they are more likely to adapt to treatments and has better means for undergoing lifestyle changes. A good relationship is related to people’s experiences of security, trust and serenity. A failing approach can instead lead to negative experiences of the healthcare and reduce motivation for self-management. Lack of support led to experiences of disappointment, loneliness and being misunderstood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Attitude, communication, interaction, nurse-patient relation, patient’s perspective
Keywords [sv]
Attityd, interaktion, kommunikation, patientens perspektiv, sjuksköterska-patientrelation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43977ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20190456OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-43977DiVA, id: diva2:1321574
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-09 Last updated: 2019-06-12Bibliographically approved

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