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Aktivitetsbalans hos föräldrar till barn med neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning, NPF
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Occupational balance in parents to children with neurodevelopmental disorder, NDD (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Aktivitetsbalans är en subjektiv upplevelse som innefattar rätt mängd och rätt variation mellan aktiviteter. Att ha ett barn med NPF kan ha effekter på hur familjens vardagsrutiner utformas samt påverka föräldrarnas val och planering av aktiviteter. Syfte: Undersöka aktivitetsbalans hos föräldrar till barn med neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning, NPF, i åldrarna 6–12 år. Metod: En kvantitativ enkätstudie genomfördes. Webbenkäten utformades enligt Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) och varje fråga på ordinalskalenivå kompletterades med ett fritextsvar. Vid analys av data tillämpades en kvantitativ bearbetning och en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. I studien deltog 194 föräldrar. Resultat: Föräldrarna skattade sin aktivitetsbalans övervägande lågt. Resultatet visade även att det fanns en signifikant skillnad mellan föräldrarnas arbetssituation och antal barn med NPF. Däremot visade resultatet ingen signifikant skillnad om föräldrarna var sammanboende/gifta eller ensamstående. I studiens innehållsanalys identifierades tre kategorier: Omstrukturering av vardagen, Förälderns kontakt med samhällsinsatser och Den förändrade rollen som förälder. Slutsats: Föräldrarna har en genomgående låg aktivitetsbalans. För att bemöta föräldrarnas behov av stöd bör arbetsterapeuter utgå från ett helhetsperspektiv på familjen i arbetet med barn med NPF.

Abstract [en]

Background: Occupational balance is a subjective experience that includes the right amount and the right variation between activities. Having a child with NDD can have effects on how the family's everyday routines are organized and affect the parents' choice and planning of activities. Aim: Exploring occupational balance in parents to children with neurodevelopmental disorder, NDD, ages 6-12 years. Method: A quantitative survey was conducted. The web survey was designed according to the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) and each question at the ordinal scale level was supplemented with a free text response. When analyzing data, a quantitative processing and a qualitative content analysis were applied. The study had 194 parents participating. Result: Parents estimated their occupational balance predominantly low. The result also showed that there was a significant difference between the parents' work situation and the number of children with NDD. However, the result showed no significant difference if the parents were cohabiting / married or single. In the study's content analysis three categories were identified: Restructuring of everyday life, Parent's contact with social support and The changed role as a parent. Conclusion: The parents have a consistently low occupational balance. To address the parents' need for support, occupational therapists should proceed a holistic perspective on the family in the work with children with NDD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Occupational Balance, Neurodevelopmental Disorder, Parents
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74214OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-74214DiVA, id: diva2:1320907
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Occupational Therapist, bachelor’s level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-07 Created: 2019-06-06 Last updated: 2019-06-07Bibliographically approved

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