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Arbetsterapeutiska insatser i rehabiliteringsprocessen för individer med utmattningssyndrom och stressrelaterad psykisk ohälsa och dess effekt på återgång i arbete - en litteraturstudie
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Occupational therapy interventions for individuals with exhaustion disorder and stress-related disorder and their impact on return to work - a literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka när arbetsterapeuten blir involverad i den arbetslivsinriktade rehabiliteringen för individer som är sjukskrivna till följd av utmattningssyndrom och stressrelaterad psykisk ohälsa, hur arbetsterapi tillämpassamt vilken effekt arbetsterapeutiska insatser har på klientens återgång i arbete. Insamlingen av data gjordes genom sökningar databaserna CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, PubMed, SveMed+ samt Amed via Luleå tekniska universitetsbibliotek under perioden februari till mars 2019. Totalt valdes tio artiklar ut för att ingå i studien. Resultatet visar att ingen av studierna med tydlighet när arbetsterapeuten blev involverad i klientens arbetslivsinriktade rehabilitering. Resultatet gällande hur arbetsterapi tillämpasför klientgruppen visade generellt att arbetsterapeuten själv eller i multidisciplinära team utför interventioner riktade mot aktivitetsbalans och att det sker främst i kontexten svensk primärvård och rehabiliteringskliniker. Effekterna av de arbetsterapeutiska insatserna på klientens återgång i arbete presenteras endast i tre studier och sammantaget visade resultaten på små effekter, samtatt evidensen som presenterades var låg eller måttlig. Författarnas slutsatser är att det saknas studier av högre evidensstyrka på området samt att den evidens som presenteras i studierna är bristfällig. Författarna konstaterar att det behövs mer forskning på ämnet och klientgruppen samt att de olika professionernas del i insatserna behöver tydliggöras för att det skall vara möjligt att urskilja betydelsen av arbetsterapi för återgång i arbete.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the literature study was to investigate when the occupational therapist becomes involved in the work rehabilitation of individuals who are sick-listed as a result of exhaustion disorder and stress-related mental health, how occupational therapy is applied and what effect occupational therapy interventions have on the client's return to work. The collection of data was done by searching the databases CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, PubMed, SveMed + and Amed via Luleå technical university library during the period February to March 2019. A total of ten articles were selected for inclusion in the study. The result show thatnone of the studies describes with clarity when the occupational therapist becomes involved in the work rehabilitation. The results regarding how occupational therapy is being used for the client group generally shows that the occupational therapist alone or in multidisciplinary teams perform interventions directed toward activity balance, primarily in the context of swedish primary care and rehabilitation clinics. The effects of the interventions on the client's return towork were presented in only three of the studies and the overall results show small effects, and the evidence presented is of low or moderate quality. The author ́s states that more research is needed on the subject and the client group, and that in future studies each professions part of the efforts need to be elucidated so that it is possible to distinguish the importance of occupational therapy for return to work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
occupational therapy, return to work, burnout, exhaustion disorder, stress
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74205OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-74205DiVA, id: diva2:1320726
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Occupational Therapy, bachelor’s level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-07 Created: 2019-06-05 Last updated: 2019-06-07Bibliographically approved

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