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Upplevelsen av att få en tunnelerad CVK i lokalanestesi
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Patienter med hematologisk sjukdom erhöll en tunnellerad central venkateter i lokal anestesi inför behandling. Det är vanligt att patienter som är vakna under operation upplever oro.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur patienter med hematologisk sjukdom upplever att få en tunnelerad CVK i lokalanestesi samt hur de anser att upplevelsen kan förbättras.

Metod: Studien har en deskriptiv design med kvalitativ metod. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med 10 patienter där en intervjuguide med öppna frågor användes. Intervjuerna analyserades med hjälp av systematisk textkondensering enligt Malterud.

Resultat: Gemensamt för samtliga patienter i studien var att CVK-ingreppet överlag var en positiv upplevelse. Patienterna beskrev att kontinuerlig information och ett gott omhändertagande på operation bidrog till en positiv upplevelse av att få en tunnelerad CVK. I resultatet framkom fyra teman; 1- mental styrka hjälpte patienterna att känna sig redo, 2- att vara utsatt i en miljö där smärta och obehag förekom, 3- omhändertaget av professionell och erfaren personal bidrog till en lugn stämning, 4- tidigare erfarenheter och information minskade oro och gav patienterna ökad trygghet.

Slutsats: Studien visar att det finns potential att göra upplevelsen av att få en tunnelerad CVK bättre med enkla medel. Förbättringen kan ske genom tydligare information, varmare temperatur inne på operationssalen och genom att anestesisjuksköterskan stödjer patienten vid oro. Informationen och vården behöver således bli mer personcentrerad och vårdpersonal behöver öva för att bli bättre på att ge denna vård.

Abstract [en]

Background: Prior to treatment, patients with haematological disease receives a tunnelled central venous catheter in local anesthesia. It is common for patients who are awake during surgery to experience anxiety.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe how patients suffering from hematological diseases experience tunelled central venous cathetrization in local anesthesia and how their experience could be improved.

Design: Semistructured interviews using an interview guide with open-ended questions where performed with 10 patients. Data were analysed with systematic text condensation according to Malterud.

Result: The included patients had an overall positive experience from recieving a tunelled central venous catheter. The patients described how continuous information and good care improved their experience of recieving a tunelled central venous catheter. Four themes were identified in the result; 1- having mental a strenght made the patients feel relieved and prepared, 2- being exposed to an environment where pain and discomfort were present, 3- being taken care of by experienced professionals contributed to a calm atmosphere, 4- previous experiences and information reduced anxiety and promoted an increased feeling of safety

Conclusion: The present study shows the potential to make patients experiences better by simple means, for example by giving more distinct information, raising the temperature in the operating room and by the nurse anesthetist acting more supportive when patients feel anxiety. The information and nursing care need to be more personalized and professionals need to practice in order to improve.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
Tunelled CVC, hematological disease, patient experience, consciousness, local anesthesia.
Keywords [sv]
Tunnelerad CVK, hematologisk sjukdom, patientupplevelse, vakenhet, lokalanestesi.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-384386OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-384386DiVA, id: diva2:1320436
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot anestesisjukvård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-10 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved

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