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Behemoth of the High North: Framing of the Arctic Challenges in Russian News Media
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change.
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Klimatförändringarnasägs vara den viktigaste drivkraften för de geostrategiska förändringarna som äger rum i Arktis. Uppvärmningen av regionen medför ett antal betydande geopolitiska effekter. När det gäller dessa nya omständigheter betraktas Ryssland som en nyckelaktör. Det föreslås också av flera forskare att Ryssland använder statliga nyhetsmedier för att förmedla en Kreml-godkänd världsuppfattning tillen internationell publik. Vårt syfte med denna studie är att analysera hur den ryska tidningen RT (tidigare RussiaToday) inramar klimatförändringarnai Arktis. För att identifiera kategorier inom materialet har vi använt en kvantitativ innehållsanalys,och för att analysera inramningen harvianvänt en framinganalysbaserad på Robert Entmansprinciper. Vi fann att de största kategorierna var "klimat", "energi" och "konflikt". Inramningenbestår av en fientlig och konfliktorienterad vy över väst (främst USA) i kategorierna "energi" och "konflikt", medan en mer samarbetsorienteradram visas inom kategorin "klimat". Vi fann också att det finns en del intressen iatt utveckla Nordostpassagen, vilket kan vara ett mer realistiskt mål för Ryssland än energiutvinning i Arktis. Det finns behov av mer forskning om ämnet för att kunna diskutera Arktis framtid.

Abstract [en]

Climate change is often presented as amain driver of the geostrategic changes that are taking place in the Arctic.Russia is regarded as a key actorin this changing geopolitical landscape. Several scholarssuggests thatRussiausesstatenewsmedia to mediate a Kremlin-approved idea of the worldtowards an international audience.Thepurpose ofthis study is to analyze how the Russian newspaper RT (former Russia Today) is framing climate change in the Arctic.To identifycategories within the material,we have used a quantitative content analysis, and to analyze the framing we have used a framing analysis based on Robert Entman’s principles. We found that the largest categorieswere ‘climate’, ‘energy’and ‘conflict’. The framing consists of a hostile and conflict-oriented view of the west(mainly America)in the ‘energy’ and ‘conflict’-categories, while a more cooperative framing appears within the ‘climate’category. We also found that there aresomeinterestsin developing the Northern Sea Route, which may be a more realistic goal for Russia than energy extraction in the Arctic. There is a need for more research on this subject, to be able to discuss the future of the Arctic

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 45
Keywords [en]
Arctic, climate change, framing analysis, geopolitics, news media, Russia
Keywords [sv]
Arktis, klimatförändringar, framinganalys, geopolitik, nyhetsmedia, Ryssland
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157291ISRN: LIU-TEMA/MV-C—19/11--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-157291DiVA, id: diva2:1320328
Subject / course
Bachelor of Science Thesis, Environmental Science Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-05 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-06-05Bibliographically approved

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