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Flexibilitet för ökad mångfald och attraktivitet: En studie om arbetstider i byggproduktion
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Flexibility to increase diversity and attraction at the construction site : a study about work hours (English)
Abstract [sv]

Rapporten utgår från en undersökning utförd av Sveriges Byggindustrier som visar att bristen på flexibla arbetstider är en anledning till att många kvinnor väljer att lämna byggproduktionen. Då branschen eftersträvar en större mångfald och det därtill råder arbetskraftsbrist krävs fortsatta studier angående hur byggarbetsplatserna kan moderniseras och bli mer inkluderande.     

Denna undersökning utfördes med syftet att undersöka sambandet mellan flexibla arbetstider och mångfald samt för att ta reda på om flexibla arbetstider kan göra produktionsdelen av byggbranschen mer attraktiv. En nutidsanalys genomfördes i form av två enkätundersökningar där en riktades till tjänstemän på Skanska och en till studenter med byggteknisk inriktning, därutöver utfördes kompletterande intervjuer.      

Resultatet visar att de som arbetar produktionsnära är mindre nöjda med sina arbetstider och det nuvarande arbetstidssystemet i jämförelse med de som arbetar på kontor. Det framkom att det både finns könsmässiga och generationsmässiga skillnader beträffande frågor kring flexibilitet i arbetslivet. De som främst ville kunna tillämpa flexibla arbetstider var kvinnor och de födda på 80- och 90-talet. De hinder som framkom vara kopplade till flexibla arbetstider handlade till stor del om kulturer i byggbranschen.    

En klar majoritet vill kunna tillämpa flexibla arbetstider vilket pekar på att det skulle kunna vara lönsamt att testa arbetssättet i verksamheten. Då den nuvarande lösningen är att flytta de anställda som önskar en mer flexibel arbetsdag ifrån produktionen till mer kontorsbaserade tjänster pekar detta på att flexibla arbetstider inom byggproduktion skulle kunna bidra till ökad mångfald.

Abstract [en]

This report is based on a former study which illustrates that women in the construction industry are leaving their positions due to lack of flexible work arrangements. As the construction industry strives for increased diversity, and there is a shortage of labor in the engineering field, further study of modernization and new working methods is required.   

The present study was conducted with the purpose of researching the relationship between flexible working hours and diversity, and to examine if flexible working hours can make the construction industry more attractive as a workplace. This was achieved by carrying out a survey in the form of two questionnaires, one of which was addressed to officials at Skanska and the other to students with a building orientation. In addition, supplementary interviews were conducted.    

The results show that those who work at the construction sites are less satisfied with their working hours and the current time system compared to those who have more administrative work roles, differences both tied to gender and age where noted: Those who primarily would prefer flexible work hours were women and those born in the 80's and 90's. Difficulties related to flexible work were mainly based on current cultures in the industry.  

The majority of responders were positive to flexible work, which indicates that a trial of this work arrangement could be worthwhile. The current solution in the company is to transfer employees who need more flexible work from the construction sites to more office-based services. This suggests that successfully implementing flexible work in the construction sector would lead to increased diversity, which subsequently would make this a more attractive work place for diverse groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 59
Keywords [sv]
flextid, flexibla arbetstider, produktion, arbetstider, byggarbetsplats, byggbranschen, mångfald, jämställdhet, flexibility, diversity, gender equality, construction
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21162OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-21162DiVA, id: diva2:1320086
Subject / course
Byggteknik - Högskoleingenjör
Available from: 2019-06-14 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved

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