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Classification of Financial Instruments
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Klassifikation av finansiella instrument (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

In this thesis a general framework and accompanying guidelines for how to classify financial instruments within the fair value hierarchy (included within IFRS 13) is presented. IFRS 13 introduces a broad and loosely defined regulation of how to classify a financial instrument which leaves room for misinterpretation and uncertainties. In this thesis the pricing of financial instruments and behaviour of the market data used as inputs in the models has been investigated. This is to give better insight into what is classified as significant market data, how it is used and how it is approximated. Instruments that have been investigated are autocalls, swaps, European options and Asian options. The result is presented as general recommendations for how to classify the specified instruments with clearer boarders introduced between the levels in the hierarchy. Methods and deductions introduced in the thesis could also further be implemented in classification of closely related financial instruments but has been limited in this thesis due to time restrictions.

 

 

Nyckelord på svenska

IFRS, Finansiella instrument, Klassificering, Fair value, Fair value hierarchy, Autocall, Swap, Europeisk option, Asiatisk option, Implicit volatilitet, Korrelation, Marknadsaktivitet, Räntesatser

Abstract [sv]

I denna uppsats är ett generellt ramverk och medföljande riktlinjer för hur man klassificerar finansiella instrument inom fair value hierarkin (inkluderad i IFRS 13) presenterat. IFRS 13 introducerar en bred och löst definierad regulation om hur klassificering finansiella instrument ska gå till som lämnar rum för feltolkningar och oklarheter. I denna uppsats har prissättningen av finansiella instrument och beteende av marknadsdata som används i modellerna undersökts. Detta ger en bättre inblick i vad som klassificeras som signifikant marknadsdata, hur den används och hur den kan approximeras. Instrument som har undersökts är autocalls, swaps, europeiska optioner och asiatiska optioner. Resultatet presenteras som allmänna rekommendationer för hur man klassificerar de angivna instrumenten med tydligare gränser som införts mellan nivåerna i hierarkin. Metoder och slutsatser som är presenterade i uppsatsen kan även vidare användas vid klassifikation av liknande finansiella instrument men har i denna avhandling begränsats på grund av tidsskäl.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Series
TRITA-SCI-GRU ; 2019:080
Keywords [en]
IFRS, Financial instruments, Classification, Fair value, Fair value hierarchy, Autocall, Swap, European option, Asian option, Implied volatility, Correlation, Market activity, Interest rates
National Category
Probability Theory and Statistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-252565OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-252565DiVA, id: diva2:1319728
External cooperation
Handelsbanken
Subject / course
Financial Mathematics
Educational program
Master of Science - Applied and Computational Mathematics
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-03 Last updated: 2019-06-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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