Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Determination and Assessment of the Toxic Heavy Metal Elements Abstracted from the Traditional Plant Cosmetics and Medical Remedies: Case Study of Libya
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, University of Benghazi, Benghazi, Libya .
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, University of Benghazi, Benghazi, Libya .
School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bandar Baru Bangi, Malaysia.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
Show others and affiliations
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 11, p. 1-14, article id 1957Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Henna and walnut tree bark are widely used by Libyan women as cosmetics. They may contain lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As), which, in turn, pose a high risk to their health. This study aims to determine the levels of Pb, Cd and As in henna and walnut tree bark products sold in Libyan markets. The products were analyzed for their Pb, Cd and As content by using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) after a microwave acid digestion. The results showed a significant difference between the henna and walnut tree bark samples in terms of their heavy metals content (p < 0.05). The highest heavy metal concentrations were observed in the walnut tree bark samples whereas the lowest was observed in the henna samples. In addition, 60% of the henna and 90% of the walnut tree bark samples contained Pb levels and approximately 80% of the henna and 90% the walnut tree bark samples contained Cd levels, which are much higher than the tolerance limit. However, As concentrations in all the samples were lower. The results indicated that such cosmetics expose consumers to high levels of Pb and Cd and hence, to potential health risks. Thus, studying the sources and effects of heavy metals in such cosmetics is strongly recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 16, no 11, p. 1-14, article id 1957
Keywords [en]
traditional plant cosmetics, toxic heavy metals, henna, walnut tree bark, ICP-MS, Libya
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74130DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16111957ISI: 000472132900085PubMedID: 31159472Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85067188913OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-74130DiVA, id: diva2:1319501
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-06-10 (oliekm)

Available from: 2019-06-02 Created: 2019-06-02 Last updated: 2019-07-10Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(717 kB)10 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 717 kBChecksum SHA-512
740a6405b94dfb7ad735a981caded8540900d56a876966311933f8dd481de828bb71c6243d5d405be7b39557a047e9195e14782d8a6512bafb6044033440ce69
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Al-Ansari, Nadhir
By organisation
Mining and Geotechnical Engineering
In the same journal
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Geotechnical Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 10 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 45 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf