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Patientens upplevelse i samband med dialysbehandling: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis [Artistic work]
Sustainable development
Sustainable Development
Alternative title
Patient experience in dialysis treatment : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:Dialysbehandling är en livslång behandling och kräver att patienten följer upp behandlingsrytmen för att kunna uppnå högsta möjliga livskvalitet. Olika livsförändringar uppstår i samband med uppkomsten av njurinsufficiens och påbörjad dialysbehandling. Livet med dialys innebär ofta ett helt nytt liv för patienterna. Syfte: Att beskriva upplevelser av dialysbehandling hos vuxna patienter med njurinsufficiens. Metod:En litteraturöversikt har använts som metod för att besvara arbetets syfte. Tretton vetenskapliga artiklar har analyserats med hjälp av fem olika steg framtagna av Fribergs analysmetod. 

Huvudresultat:patienterna upplevde brist på information, behov av egen kontroll, förlust av aktiviteter och sociala relationer. Ibland upplevde patienterna behandlingen som påfrestande och hade svårt att anpassa livet efter det. Rädsla upplevdes också av de flesta patienterna, men däremot kunde säkerhet och trygghet upplevas när patienterna fick sin behandling av vårdpersonal som hade tillräckligt med kunskap och erfarenhet och när de hade familjen och vänner runt om sig. Slutsats:Patienterna hade både positiva och negativa upplevelser i samband med dialysbehandlingen. Vårdpersonalen och familjen spelade en viktig roll i patienterna liv och deras existens gjorde en inverkan i hur patienterna upplevde sin dialysbehandling.

Abstract [en]

Background:Dialysis treatment is a lifelong treatment and requires the patient to follow up on the treatment rhythm in order to achieve the highest possible quality of life. Different life changes occur in connection with the onset of renal insufficiency and initiated dialysis treatment. Life with dialysis often means a completely new life for patients. Aim:To describe the experiences of dialysis treatment in adult patients with renal insufficiency. Method:A literature review has been used as method for answering the purpose of this work. Thirteen scientific articles have been analyzed using five different steps developed by Friberg’s analysis method.

Results:Patients experienced a lack of information, a need of own control, loss of activities and social relations. Sometimes patients experienced the treatment as stressful and had difficulty adjusting life after that. Fear was also experienced by most patients, but on the other hand, safety and security could be experienced when patients received their treatment by healthcare professionals who had enough knowledge and experience and also when they had family and friends around them.Conclusion: The patients had both positive and negative experiences in connection to the dialysis treatment. The healthcare staff and the family had an important role in the patients' lives and their existence made an impact on how the patients experienced their dialysis treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 25
Series
Hälsohögskolans avhandlingsserie, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 1654-3602
Keywords [en]
Renal insufficiency, renal replacement therapy, sense of coherence, hemodialysis and peritonealdialysis
Keywords [sv]
Njurinsufficiens, renal ersättningsterapi, känsla av sammanhang, hemodialys och peritonealdialys.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43918ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20190467OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-43918DiVA, id: diva2:1319491
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-12 Created: 2019-06-01 Last updated: 2019-06-12Bibliographically approved

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