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Hälsorelaterad livskvalitet hos flickor som tränar individuellt respektive i lag
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Health related quality of life in young girls who are physical active individually and in teams (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykisk ohälsa ökar bland unga. Underlag finns som säger att träning ger psykologiska hälsovinster. Evidensläget är dock bristfälligt avseende unga. Få studier har hittats som jämför hälsorelaterad livskvalitet hos flickor som utövar lag- respektive individuell sport samt som undersöker sambandet mellan mängden träning och det psykiska måendet i gruppen.

Syfte: Syftet var att jämföra generell hälsorelaterad livskvalitet och det psykiska måendet mellan flickor på gymnasiet som utövade lag- respektive individuell sport, samt att undersöka sambandet mellan mängden träning och det psykiska måendet av hälsorelaterad livskvalitet.

Metod: En kvantitativ, icke-experimentell, jämförande och korrelerande tvärsnittsstudie gjordes baserad på insamlad data från idrottsföreningar i Uppsala Län. 

Resultat: Ingen skillnad förelåg i generell hälsorelaterad livskvalitet. De som tränade i lag hade något bättre psykiskt mående. Sambandet mellan mängden träning och psykiskt mående var mycket svagt, om något alls, i hela undersökningsgruppen. 

Slutsats: Båda grupperna hade hög livskvalitet och ingen skillnad fanns mellan grupperna. Resultatet visar en antydan till att flickor som tränar i lag mår bättre vilket överensstämmer med tidigare forskning. Detta kan indikera att Fysioterapeuter i större utsträckning borde rekommendera lagsport för flickor med psykisk ohälsa. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental illness is growing among young people. Exercise improves psychological health. The evidence is inadequate for young people. Few studies have been found comparing health related quality of life (HRQOL) and who investigates the correlation between exercise and mental health in girls who practice in team sports and individual sports. 

Aim: The aim was to compare HRQOL and mental health between girls in high school who were physical active in team sports and individual sports, and to investigate the correlation between the amount of exercise and mental health of HRQOL.

Method: A quantitative, non-experimental, comparative and correlating cross-sectional study was made based on data from sports clubs in Uppsala County. 

Results: There was no difference in HRQOL. Those who practiced in team sports had better mental health. The correlation was very small, or zero, between the amount of exercise and the psychological subscale in the whole group. 

Conclusion: Both groups had high HRQOL and there was no difference between them. The results shows a trend that girls who are physical active in team sports feel better which is consistent with previous research. This indicates that physiotherapist possibly should recommend team sports for girls with mental illness. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
adolescence, health related quality of life, mental health, individual sports, team sports, physical activity
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-384234OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-384234DiVA, id: diva2:1319436
Educational program
Physiotherapy programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-01 Created: 2019-05-31 Last updated: 2019-06-01Bibliographically approved

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