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Kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med diabetes typ 2: En daglig utmaning
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Diabetes typ 2 är en folksjukdom som drabbar oftast vuxna och äldre vuxna. Diabetes typ 2 påverkar alla på vardaglig nivå, men det finns forskning som visar att kvinnor med diabetes typ 2 är mer utsatta på grund av att de väljer att prioritera andras hälsa och välmående.

Syfte: Att beskriva hur kvinnor med diabetes typ 2 upplever sitt dagliga liv.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt gjordes genom att nio stycken vetenskapliga artiklar av kvalitativ karaktär söktes fram från databasen CINAHL. Analysen har haft induktivt förhållningssätt och tidsspannet för artiklarna har varit mellan 2010 - 2019.

Resultat: Analysen ledde till tre teman: en komplicerad tillvaro, en påtaglig stress och betydelsen av en stödjande omgivning. Kvinnornas tillvaro upplevdes komplicerad på grund av minskad självständighet i det vardagliga livet. Stress var en upplevelse som gjorde vardagen mer utmanande då deras blodglukosvärde var kopplad till deras upplevelse av stress. Kvinnor som upplevde omgivningens stöd hade det lättare att följa diabetesrekommendationer jämfört med kvinnor som inte hade det.

Slutsats: Personcentrerad omvårdnad var viktig för kvinnorna för att få mer kunskap och stöd för att uppnå optimal egenvård då dålig egenvård relaterades till tidsbrist och otillräcklig kunskap om hur de skulle sköta sin diabetes.

Abstract [en]

Background: Diabetes type 2 is a common disease that usually affects adults and older adults. Diabetes type 2 affects everyone at everyday level, but research indicates that women with type 2 diabetes are more vulnerable because they choose to prioritize the health and well-being of others.Aim: To describe how women with type 2 diabetes experience everyday life.Method: A literature review was made by searching for nine scientific articles of qualitative character from the database CINAHL. The analysis has had an inductive approach and the time span for the articles has been between 2010 - 2019.Results: The analysis led to three themes: a complicated existence, a tangible stress and the importance of a supportive environment. The existence of women was experienced complicated due to reduced independence in everyday life. Stress was an experience that made everyday life more challenging as their blood glucose value was linked to their experience of stress. Women who experienced the support of the environment was able to follow diabetes recommendations easier than women who lacked the environment support.Conclusions: Person-centered nursing was important for women to gain more knowledge and support in achieving optimal self-care since poor self-care was related to lack of time and insufficient knowledge of how to manage their diabetes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
Diet, Exercise, Lifestyle changes, Person-centred nursing, Self-care
Keywords [sv]
Egenvård, Kost, Livsstilsförändringar, Motion, Personcentrerad omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-43885ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20190510OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-43885DiVA, id: diva2:1319312
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-17 Created: 2019-05-31 Last updated: 2019-06-17Bibliographically approved

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