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Akuta effekter och samband mellan fysisk aktivitet och koncentrationsförmåga hos universitetsstudenter: En kvantitativ studie med cross-over design
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Acute effects and correlation between physical activity and concentration in university students : A quantitative study with a cross-over design (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Fysisk aktivitet har observerats ha positiva effekter på kognitiva förmågor, såsom koncentration. Studier saknas kring den akuta effekten på en population bestående av universitetsstudenter.

 

Syfte: Undersöka om aerob fysisk aktivitet påverkar koncentrationen i ett akut skede samt undersöka sambandet mellan aktivitetsminuter per vecka och koncentrationsförmågan hos universitetsstudenter.

 

Metod: En experimentell kvantitativ studie med cross-over design. Totalt deltog 26 universitetsstudenter vars koncentrationsförmåga mättes med koncentrationstestet Trail making test (TMT) A och B samt självskattning genom Numeric rating scale efter en intervention bestående av fysisk aktivitet och efter utebliven intervention. Data avseende deltagarnas aktivitetsnivå samlades in genom en enkät från folkhälsomyndigheten.

 

Resultat: Ingen statisk signifikant (p≤0,05) skillnad sågs på objektiv eller upplevd koncentrationsförmåga. Då deltagarna fick intervention var medianen på TMT B minus A 26,8 sek (IQR=9,9), NRS 8 (IQR=2) och vid utebliven intervention var medianen på TMT B minus A 31,2 sek (IQR=11,7), NRS 7 (IQR=2). Det sågs heller ingen statistik signifikant korrelation mellan aktivitetsminuter och objektiv koncentration (r=-0,25) samt upplevd koncentrationsförmåga (r=0,11).

 

Slutsats: Måttlig fysisk aktivitet hade inte någon effekt på objektiv eller upplevd koncentrationsförmågan i ett akut skede och ingen korrelation kunde ses mellan fysisk aktivitetsnivå och koncentrationsförmåga hos en grupp universitetsstudenter.

Abstract [en]

Background: Physical activity has been observed to have positive effects on concentration. The short-term effect hasn’t been studied to the same degree and haven’t been studied in university students.

 

Objective: Examine whether physical activity has any short-term effect on concentration and examine the correlation between general physical activity and concentration in university students.

 

Methods: An experimental quantitative cross-over design. A total of 26 students whose concentration was measured Trail making Test (TMT) A and B and Numeric rating scale following an intervention consisting of physical activity and non-intervention. Data regarding minutes of activity per week was collected by a questionnaire from folkhälsomyndigheten. 

 

Results: There was no statistical significance (p≤0,05) in concentration. The median from TMT B minus A was 26,8 sec (IQR=9,9), NRS 8 (IQR=2) when intervention was administrated and the median from TMT B minus A was 31,2 sec (IQR=11,7), NRS 7 (IQR=2) when no intervention was administrated. There was no statistical significance in the correlation between weekly minutes of physical activity and objective concentration (r=-0,025) or self-reported concentration (r=0,11).

 

Conclusion: Physical activity did not have a short-term effect on objective or self-reported concentration. There was no correlation between physical activity and concentration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Physical activity, Attention, Concentration, Students
Keywords [sv]
Fysisk aktivitet, Uppmärksamhet, Koncentration, Studenter
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-384146OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-384146DiVA, id: diva2:1319073
Educational program
Physiotherapy programme
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-05-29 Created: 2019-05-29 Last updated: 2019-05-29Bibliographically approved

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