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The Role of Coping in Preventing Atherosclerosis
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Atherosclerosis is one of the most recognized risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). It is therefore important for preventive work against CVD to target factors with impact on atherosclerosis. Previous research has shown a relationship between atherosclerosis and stress, between disengagement coping and higher levels of stress, and between engagement coping and lower levels of stress. One can therefore assume that coping would have an impact on atherosclerosis, but a relationship between coping and atherosclerosis have to our knowledge not yet been studied. The aim of this study was twofold; first to investigate if engagement or disengagement coping can be considered to have an impact on atherosclerosis, and second to investigate if engagement or disengagement coping statistically can predict previously known biological risk factors for atherosclerosis. This study was carried out within a cross sectional design, and to reach the aims ANCOVA and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted. The sample consisted of 1868 women and 1662 men in the age of 40, 50 or 60 years. Information on biological risk factors was collected by health care staff during health examinations. Atherosclerosis was tested by carotid ultrasound, and coping was measured by the self-reporting instrument Brief COPE. The results revealed a significant (p<.05) negative relationship between engagement coping and atherosclerosis. The results did not show a relationship between disengagement coping and atherosclerosis, and coping only predicted a few biological risk factors. These results shows that engagement coping can be considered a protective factor against atherosclerosis.

Abstract [sv]

Ateroskleros är en av de störstariskfaktorerna för hjärt-och kärlsjukdomar. Det är därför viktigt för preventivt arbete mot hjärt-och kärlsjukdomar att undersöka faktorer som påverkar ateroskleros. Tidigare forskning har visat ett samband mellan ateroskleros och stress, mellan disengagement coping och högre nivåer av stress, samt mellan engagement coping och lägre nivåer av stress. Det är därmed rimligt att anta att coping har en inverkan på ateroskleros, men en relation mellan coping och ateroskleros har enligt vår vetskap inte tidigare undersökts. Det första syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om engagement coping eller disengagement coping kan anses ha en inverkan på ateroskleros. Det andra syftet var att undersöka om engagement eller disengagement coping statistiskt kanprediceratidigare kända biologiska riskfaktorer för ateroskleros. Studien utfördes med en tvärsnittsdesign, och för att uppnå syftena har ANCOVA och hierarkiska regressionsanalyser utförts. Urvalet bestod av 1868 kvinnor och 1662 män i åldrarna 40, 50 eller 60år. Information om biologiska riskfaktorer samlades in vid hälsoundersökningar av vårdpersonal. Förekomst av ateroskleros mättes med vaskulärt ultraljud och coping mättes med självskattningsformuläret Brief COPE.Resultaten visade en signifikant negativ relation mellan engagement coping och ateroskleros. Resultaten visade inte någon relation mellan disengagement coping och ateroskleros, och coping prediceradeendast ett fåtal av de biologiska riskfaktorerna. Dessa resultat visar att engagement coping kan anses vara en skyddande faktor mot ateroskleros.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 15
Keywords [en]
atherosclerosis, coping, engagement coping, disengagement coping, VIPVIZA, cardiovascular diseases, stress
Keywords [sv]
ateroskleros, coping, problemhantering, engagement coping, disengagement coping, VIPVIZA, stress, hjärt-och kärlsjukdomar
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-159465OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-159465DiVA, id: diva2:1319025
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-05-29 Last updated: 2019-06-04Bibliographically approved

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