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Klimatanpassning i den mindre kommunen: En intervjustudie om den mindre kommunens förutsättningar i den kommunala klimatanpassningen
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Climate adaption in the less-populous municipality : An interview study of the prerequisites for municipal climate adaption in less-populous municipalities (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Följande studie syftar till att analysera mindre kommuners hinder och möjligheter i det kommunala klimatanpassningsarbetet. Studien belyser även hur kritiska faktorer tar sig form som betydande i klimatanpassningsarbetet enligt aktörerna. Studiens empiriska material är baserat på sex semistrukturerade intervjuer, genomförda med aktörer med varierande yrkesroll i fyra svenska kommuner. Analysen av det empiriska materialet identifierade ett antal teman som lyfte faktorer som ansågs betydelsefulla att belysa i mindre kommuners kommunala klimatanpassningsarbete. Identifierade teman var följande: ekonomiska barriärer, politik, kompetens, interna och externa samverkansprocesser och stöd och vägledning i klimatanpassningsarbetet. Studien visade att mindre kommuner har ett antal möjligheter som ansågs betydande i det kommunala klimatanpassningsarbetet och dessa bestod av korta beslutsvägar och god intern och extern kommunikation. Studien pekade på att mindre kommuners klimatanpassningsarbete karaktäriseras av fler hinder än möjligheter, något som anses hämma implementeringen i det kommunala klimatanpassningsarbetet. Hindren utgörs av bristande förståelse från allmänheten, bristande intresse på politisk nivå, svårigheter i att rekrytera relevant kompetens samt att definiera och strukturera det egna klimatanpassningsarbetet. Studien visar även att det är komplext för mindre kommuner att endast tala om översvämningar i klimatanpassningsarbetet, därav pekar studien på att mindre kommuner behöver få hjälp att skala ner riktlinjer till den egna kommunens kapacitet. Mindre kommuners långsiktiga och strategiska mål i kommunalt klimatanpassningsarbete anses vara viktiga variabler att belysa i framtida studier.

Abstract [en]

The following study aims to analyze the barriers and opportunities for less-populous municipalities in the climate adaptation work. The study also highlights critical issues taking shape as important to climate adaptation work according to the actors and how they differ in their work towards higher populated municipalities. The study's empirical material is based on six semi-structured interviews, conducted with actors with varying professional roles in four Swedish municipalities. The analysis of the empirical material identified several themes that were considered important in the municipalities' climate adaptation work. Identified themes were as follows: economic barriers, politics, competence, internal and external collaboration processes and support and guidance in climate adaptation work.The study showed that less-populous municipalities have a number of opportunities that were considered significant in the municipal climate adaptation work and these consisted of short decision paths and good internal and external communication. The study pointed out that less-populous municipalities' climate adaptation work is characterized by more obstacles than opportunities, something that is considered to impede the implementation. The obstacles consist of a lack of understanding from the public, a lack of interest at the political level, difficulties in retaining and recruiting relevant competence, and defining and structuring the local climate adaptation work. The study also shows that it is complex for less-populous municipalities to only talk about flooding in the climate adaptation work, hence the study points out that less-populous municipalities need to acquire tools to be able to scale down guidelines to their own municipality's capacity. The municipalities' long-term and strategic goals in the climate adaptation work are considered to be important variables to highlight in future studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 46
Keywords [en]
Climate adaption, flooding, implementation, less-populous municipalities
Keywords [sv]
Klimatanpassning, översvämning, implementering, mindre kommuner
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157138ISRN: LIU-TEMA/MV-C—19/07--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-157138DiVA, id: diva2:1318928
Subject / course
Bachelor of Science Thesis, Environmental Science Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-05-29 Last updated: 2019-06-04Bibliographically approved

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